Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences

Published by: Kowsar

The Effectiveness of Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy Training on Anxiety of Death and Thoughts of Suicide of Patients With Cancer

Sima Nabipour 1 , Amin Rafiepour 2 , * and Kobra Haji Alizadeh 1
Authors Information
1 Department of Psychology, Bandar Abbas Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bandar Abbas, Iran
2 Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan, Iran
Article information
  • Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: January 2018, 20 (1); e10534
  • Published Online: January 19, 2018
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: January 31, 2017
  • Revised: October 6, 2017
  • Accepted: January 13, 2018
  • DOI: 10.5812/zjrms.10534

To Cite: Nabipour S, Rafiepour A, Haji Alizadeh K. The Effectiveness of Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy Training on Anxiety of Death and Thoughts of Suicide of Patients With Cancer, Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2018 ; 20(1):e10534. doi: 10.5812/zjrms.10534.

Copyright © 2018, Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Methods
3. Results
4. Discussion
  • 1. Zainal NZ, Booth S, Huppert FA. The efficacy of mindfulness-based stress reduction on mental health of breast cancer patients: a meta-analysis. Psychooncology. 2013;22(7):1457-65. doi: 10.1002/pon.3171. [PubMed: 22961994].
  • 2. Snyder M. The discursive properties of "hope": a qualitative analysis of cancer patients' speech. Qual Health Res. 2006;12(2):173-93. doi: 10.1177/104973230201200204. [PubMed: 11837369].
  • 3. Debbie J. Association between qualify of life, coping styles, optimism, and anxiety and depression in pretreatment patients with head and cancer. J Soc Clinica Psychol. 2010:110-25.
  • 4. Farsi Z, Dehghan Nayeri N, Negarandeh R. Coping strategies of adults with leukemia undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in Iran: a qualitative study [In Persian]. Nurse Health Sci. 2010;12(4):485-92.
  • 5. Kangas M, Henry JL, Bryant RA. Posttraumatic stress disorder following cancer. A conceptual and empirical review. Clin Psychol Rev. 2002;22(4):499-524. [PubMed: 12094509].
  • 6. Walker J, Hansen CH, Butcher I, Sharma N, Wall L, Murray G, et al. Thoughts of death and suicide reported by cancer patients who endorsed the "suicidal thoughts" item of the PHQ-9 during routine screening for depression. Psychosomatics. 2011;52(5):424-7. doi: 10.1016/j.psym.2011.02.003. [PubMed: 21907060].
  • 7. Sherman DW, Norman R, McSherry CB. A comparison of death anxiety and quality of life of patients with advanced cancer or AIDS and their family caregivers. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care. 2010;21(2):99-112. doi: 10.1016/j.jana.2009.07.007. [PubMed: 20006525].
  • 8. Wadhwa D, Burman D, Swami N, Rodin G, Lo C, Zimmermann C. Quality of life and mental health in caregivers of outpatients with advanced cancer. Psychooncology. 2013;22(2):403-10. doi: 10.1002/pon.2104. [PubMed: 22135229].
  • 9. Wood AW, Gonzalez J, Barden SM. Mindful caring: using mindfulness-based cognitive therapy with caregivers of cancer survivors. J Psychosoc Oncol. 2015;33(1):66-84. doi: 10.1080/07347332.2014.977418. [PubMed: 25397963].
  • 10. Roberts JE, Bell MA. Two-and three-dimensional mental rotation tasks lead to different parietal laterality for men and women. Int J Psychophysiol. 2003;50(3):235-46.
  • 11. Foley E, Baillie A, Huxter M, Price M, Sinclair E. Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for individuals whose lives have been affected by cancer: a randomized controlled trial. J Consult Clin Psychol. 2010;78(1):72-9. doi: 10.1037/a0017566. [PubMed: 20099952].
  • 12. Green MJ, Schubart JR, Whitehead MM, Farace E, Lehman E, Levi BH. Advance Care Planning Does Not Adversely Affect Hope or Anxiety Among Patients With Advanced Cancer. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2015;49(6):1088-96. doi: 10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2014.11.293. [PubMed: 25542552].
  • 13. Faller H, Schuler M, Richard M, Heckl U, Weis J, Kuffner R. Effects of psycho-oncologic interventions on emotional distress and quality of life in adult patients with cancer: systematic review and meta-analysis. J Clin Oncol. 2013;31(6):782-93. doi: 10.1200/JCO.2011.40.8922. [PubMed: 23319686].
  • 14. Sarafino EP. Health Psychology. Mirzaei E, translator. Tehran: Roshd Press; 2013.
  • 15. Evans S, Ferrando S, Findler M, Stowell C, Smart C, Haglin D. Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for generalized anxiety disorder. J Anxiety Disord. 2008;22(4):716-21. doi: 10.1016/j.janxdis.2007.07.005. [PubMed: 17765453].
  • 16. Kaviani H, Javaheri F, Bahiray H. Efficacy of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy in reducing automatic thoughts, dysfunctional attitude, depression and anxiety: A sixty day follow-up. J Adv Cogn Sci. 2005;7(1):49-59.
  • 17. Taimory S, Ramezani F, Mahjob N. The effectiveness of mindfulness-based group cognitive therapy in reducing depression and obsessive rumination among women under methadone treatment [In Persian]. J Research on Addiction. 2015;9(34):145-59.
  • 18. Ghassem Boroujerdi F, Safa M, Karamlou S, Masjedi MR. Effectiveness of mindfulness based on cognitive therapy, on distress tolerance and dysfunctional attitudes in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases [In Persian]. RPH. 2014;8(4):6-7.
  • 19. Yang Y, Liu YH, Zhang HF, Liu JY. Effectiveness of mindfulness-based stress reduction and mindfulness-based cognitive therapies on people living with HIV: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Int J Nurs Scie. 2015;2(3):283-94.
  • 20. Abbott RA, Whear R, Rodgers LR, Bethel A, Thompson Coon J, Kuyken W, et al. Effectiveness of mindfulness-based stress reduction and mindfulness based cognitive therapy in vascular disease: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. J Psychosom Res. 2014;76(5):341-51. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2014.02.012. [PubMed: 24745774].
  • 21. Hofmann SG, Sawyer AT, Witt AA, Oh D. The effect of mindfulness-based therapy on anxiety and depression: A meta-analytic review. J Consult Clin Psychol. 2010;78(2):169-83. doi: 10.1037/a0018555. [PubMed: 20350028].
  • 22. Gal M, Borg V, Gal G. The ways of quantity and quality studying in behavioral sciences. Translated by Reza Nasr. Tehran: Niko publishing; 2015.
  • 23. Yalom ID, Leszcz M. Theory and practice of group psychotherapy. Basic books; 2005.
  • 24. Mousavi Delfi M. Effectiveness of psychological intervention-educational group mindfulness-based stress reduction, on decreasing anxiety, depression, and improving quality of life and adjusted some of parameters physiological cardiac patients before coronary artery bypass graft, MA thesis. Tehran University of Medical Sciences & Health Services, Tehran Psychiatric Institute [In Persian]; 2010.
  • 25. Forkmann T, Wichers M, Geschwind N, Peeters F, van Os J, Mainz V, et al. Effects of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy on self-reported suicidal ideation: results from a randomised controlled trial in patients with residual depressive symptoms. Compr Psychiatry. 2014;55(8):1883-90. doi: 10.1016/j.comppsych.2014.08.043. [PubMed: 25218397].
  • 26. Green MJ, Schubart JR, Whitehead MM, Farace E, Lehman E, Levi BH. Advance care planning does not adversely affect hope or anxiety among patients with advanced cancer. J Pain Symptom Manag. 2015;49(6):1088-96.
  • 27. Kim SH. Suicidal ideation and suicide attempts in older adults: influences of chronic illness, functional limitations, and pain. Geriat Nurs. 2016;37(1):9-12.
  • 28. Carlson LE, Speca M, Patel KD, Goodey E. Mindfulness-based stress reduction in relation to quality of life, mood, symptoms of stress and levels of cortisol, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) and melatonin in breast and prostate cancer outpatients. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2013;20(4):28-39. [PubMed: 14749092].
  • 29. Kabat-Zinn J. Full catastrophe living: The program of the stress reduction clinic at the university of Massachuset Medical Center. New York: Dell Publishing; 2004.
  • 30. Carlson LE, Garland SN. Impact of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) on sleep, mood, stress and fatigue symptoms in cancer outpatients. Int J Behav Med. 2005;12(4):278-85. doi: 10.1207/s15327558ijbm1204_9. [PubMed: 16262547].
  • 31. Martin S. Post traumatic growth and copping style in breast cancer. Int J Nurs Stud. 2012:30. 740-51.
  • 32. Salajegheh S, Raghibi M. The effectiveness of synthetic therapy of spiritual and cognitive group therapy on reducing death anxiety of patients with cancer [In Persian]. J Yazd Univ Medical Sci. 2013;22(2):130-9.
  • 33. Sullivan MJ, Wood L, Terry J, Brantley J, Charles A, McGee V, et al. The Support, Education, and Research in Chronic Heart Failure Study (SEARCH): a mindfulness-based psychoeducational intervention improves depression and clinical symptoms in patients with chronic heart failure. Am Heart J. 2009;157(1):84-90. doi: 10.1016/j.ahj.2008.08.033. [PubMed: 19081401].
  • 34. Nyklicek I, Kuijpers KF. Effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction intervention on psychological well-being and quality of life: is increased mindfulness indeed the mechanism?. Ann Behav Med. 2008;35(3):331-40. doi: 10.1007/s12160-008-9030-2. [PubMed: 18535870].
  • 35. Parish TS, Rasid ZM. The effect of two types of relaxation training on breast cancer. J Holist Nurs Practi. 2005;50:13-20.
  • 36. Yaghobi H, Sohrabi F, Mohamadzade A. Comparison of CBT and Religion-spiritual psychotherapy Based on islam in reduce of anxiety in students. J Behav Sci. 2013;10(2):99-107.

Featured Image:

Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments