The Effect of Metacognitive Therapy on Traumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms in Survivors of Accidents in Shahr-e-Kord

AUTHORS

Aliakbar Zafarizadeh 1 , * , Fatemeh Bahrami 2 , Zabiholah Kaveh-Farsani 2 , Hamid Heydari 2

2 Department of Counseling, Faculty of Counse ling, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran

2 Department of Counseling, Faculty of Counse ling, University of Isfahan , Isfahan, Iran

How to Cite: Zafarizadeh A , Bahrami F, Kaveh-Farsani Z, Heydari H. The Effect of Metacognitive Therapy on Traumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms in Survivors of Accidents in Shahr-e-Kord, Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2014 ; 16(10(suppl)):-.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: 16 (10(suppl))
Published Online: August 18, 2013
Article Type: Research Article
Received: December 06, 2012
Accepted: February 25, 2013

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Abstract

Background: Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is referred to feed back of exposure in severe stressful situations such as natural disasters, severe accidents and so on. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of metacognitive therapy on reduction of PTSD symptoms between accident survivors of Shahr-e-Kord city.

Materials and Methods: This research is semi-experimental. A hospital was selected by cluster sampling that for choosing sample, 36 male who were accident survivors, were selected by using interview based on DSM-IV-TR who were experienced PTSD situation. The subjects were randomly assigned into experimental group (N=18), control group (N=18). There were attrition in sample that finally experimental and control groups included 15 subjects. The experimental group received eight 90 min weekly sessions of metacognitive therapy. These tools were used in this research: 1-Clinical interview based on DSM-IV-IR, 2-Mississipi PTSD scale (Used in pretest-posttest and follow up sessions).

Results: The results showed that metacognitive therapy, reduced PTSD symptoms in experimental group in post-test and two-month follow up sessions were done (p<0.01).

Conclusion: Statistically significant differences between pre-test and post-test results in experimental group confirmed the effect of metacognitive therapy on reduction of PTSD symptoms.

Keywords

Metacognitive Therapy Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Accident Survivors

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