A Comparative Effectiveness of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy and Group Cognitive Therapy for Major Depressive Disorder

AUTHORS

Shima Tamannaeifar 1 , Banafsheh Gharraee 2 , * , Behrooz Birashk 2 , Mojtaba Habibi 3

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Department of Clinical Psychology, Iran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Clinical Psychology, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Family Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: 16 (10(suppl))
Published Online: January 22, 2014
Article Type: Short Communication
Received: July 24, 2013
Accepted: September 11, 2013

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Abstract

Background: Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) is a new method of psychotherapy for major depressive disorder (MDD). The aim of this experimental study is evaluating the effectiveness of acceptance and commitment therapy and cognitive therapy.

Materials and Methods: In this randomized clinical trial, 19 depressive out-patients were randomly divided into 2 groups (acceptance and commitment therapy and cognitive therapy). Twelve therapeutic sessions administered in consulting center of Tehran University twice a week. All the subjects were tested by Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II)) and the Ruminative Response Scale (RRS) before and after the treatments. Data were analyzed by multivariate analysis of covariance (MANCOVA).

Results: The results show no significant differences between the two groups in terms of the variables of depression and rumination.

Conclusion: Overall, the results suggest that ACT is an effective treatment, the effectiveness of which appears equivalent to that of CT

Keywords

Acceptance and Commitment Therapy Cognitive Therapy Rumination

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