Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences

Published by: Kowsar

Prevalence of Malnutrition Amongst Adult Patients Admitted to Emam Ali Hospital in Zahedan, 2016

Farzaneh Montazerifar 1 , * , Mansour Karajibani 2 , ** , Ali Reza Dashipour 3 , Nadia Nouri 4 , Zohreh Khaksefidi 4 and Elaheh Najjari 4
Authors Information
1 Pregnancy Health Research Center, Department of Nutrition, School of Medicine, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran
2 Health Promotion Research Center, Department of Nutrition, School of Medicine, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran
3 Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, School of Medicine, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran
4 Department of Nutrition, School of Medicine, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran
Corresponding Authors:
Article information
  • Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: July 2018, 20 (7); e13161
  • Published Online: September 30, 2018
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: May 13, 2017
  • Revised: October 24, 2017
  • Accepted: March 18, 2018
  • DOI: 10.5812/zjrms.13161

To Cite: Montazerifar F, Karajibani M , Dashipour A R, Nouri N, Khaksefidi Z, et al. Prevalence of Malnutrition Amongst Adult Patients Admitted to Emam Ali Hospital in Zahedan, 2016, Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2018 ; 20(7):e13161. doi: 10.5812/zjrms.13161.

Copyright © 2018, Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
  • 1. Barker LA, Gout BS, Crowe TC. Hospital malnutrition: Prevalence, identification and impact on patients and the healthcare system. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2011;8(2):514-27. doi: 10.3390/ijerph8020514. [PubMed: 21556200]. [PubMed Central: PMC3084475].
  • 2. Cawood AL, Elia M, Sharp SK, Stratton RJ. Malnutrition self-screening by using MUST in hospital outpatients: Validity, reliability, and ease of use. Am J Clin Nutr. 2012;96(5):1000-7. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.112.037853. [PubMed: 23034963].
  • 3. Malone A, Hamilton C. The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics/the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition consensus malnutrition characteristics: Application in practice. Nutr Clin Pract. 2013;28(6):639-50. doi: 10.1177/0884533613508435. [PubMed: 24177285].
  • 4. Hosseinpour-Niazi S, Naderi Z, Hosseinpour-Niazi N, Delshad M, Mirmiran P, Azizi F. [Prevalence of malnutrition in hospitalized patients in Taleghani Hospital in Tehran]. J Gorgan Uni Med Sci. 2012;13(4):97-106. Persian.
  • 5. Foadoddini M, Raghebi SS, Farhadian A, Sharifzadeh G. [Prevalence of malnutrition in adults admitted to the hospitals affiliated to Birjand University of Medical Sciences in 2011]. J Birjand Uni Med Sci. 2014;21(2):219-27. Persian.
  • 6. Dinmohammadi MR, Purmemary MH. [Nutrition markers in under-hemodialysis patients in Zanjan Shahid Beheshti Hospital]. J Zanjan Univ Med Sci. 2002;10(2):41-5. Persian.
  • 7. Hosseini S, Amirkalali B, Nayebi N, Heshmat R, Larijani B. Nutrition status of patients during hospitalization, Tehran, Iran. Nutr Clin Pract. 2006;21(5):518-21. doi: 10.1177/0115426506021005518. [PubMed: 16998150].
  • 8. Ashabi A, Nozari B, Tabibi H, Mahdavi-Mazdeh M, Hedayati M, Houshiar Rad A. [Prevalence of protein-energy malnutrition and its various types in hemodialysis patients in Tehran, 2008]. Iran J Nutr Sci Food Technol. 2010;5(1):17-28. Persian.
  • 9. Tabibi H, As'habi A, Heshmati BN, Mahdavi-Mazdeh M, Hedayati M. Prevalence of protein-energy wasting and its various types in Iranian hemodialysis patients: A new classification. Ren Fail. 2012;34(10):1200-5. doi: 10.3109/0886022X.2012.718710. [PubMed: 23002898].
  • 10. White JV, Guenter P, Jensen G, Malone A, Schofield M, Academy Malnutrition Work G, et al. Consensus statement: Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics and American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition: Characteristics recommended for the identification and documentation of adult malnutrition (undernutrition). JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2012;36(3):275-83. doi: 10.1177/0148607112440285. [PubMed: 22535923].
  • 11. Aquino Rde C, Philippi ST. Identification of malnutrition risk factors in hospitalized patients. Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992). 2011;57(6):637-43. [PubMed: 22249542].
  • 12. Holmes S. The effects of undernutrition in hospitalised patients. Nurs Stand. 2007;22(12):35-8. doi: 10.7748/ns2007. [PubMed: 18087876].
  • 13. Muscaritoli M, Anker SD, Argiles J, Aversa Z, Bauer JM, Biolo G, et al. Consensus definition of sarcopenia, cachexia and pre-cachexia: Joint document elaborated by special interest groups (SIG) "cachexia-anorexia in chronic wasting diseases" and "nutrition in geriatrics". Clin Nutr. 2010;29(2):154-9. doi: 10.1016/j.clnu.2009.12.004. [PubMed: 20060626].
  • 14. Pirlich M, Schutz T, Norman K, Gastell S, Lubke HJ, Bischoff SC, et al. The German hospital malnutrition study. Clin Nutr. 2006;25(4):563-72. doi: 10.1016/j.clnu.2006.03.005. [PubMed: 16698132].
  • 15. O'Flynn J, Peake H, Hickson M, Foster D, Frost G. The prevalence of malnutrition in hospitals can be reduced: Results from three consecutive cross-sectional studies. Clin Nutr. 2005;24(6):1078-88. doi: 10.1016/j.clnu.2005.08.012. [PubMed: 16219393].
  • 16. Stratton RJ, King CL, Stroud MA, Jackson AA, Elia M. 'Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool' predicts mortality and length of hospital stay in acutely ill elderly. Br J Nutr. 2006;95(2):325-30. [PubMed: 16469149].
  • 17. Garcia RS, Tavares LR, Pastore CA. Nutritional screening in surgical patients of a teaching hospital from southern Brazil: The impact of nutritional risk in clinical outcomes. Einstein (Sao Paulo). 2013;11(2):147-52. [PubMed: 23843052]. [PubMed Central: PMC4872885].
  • 18. Bishop CW, Bowen PE, Ritchey SJ. Norms for nutritional assessment of American adults by upper arm anthropometry. Am J Clin Nutr. 1981;34(11):2530-9. doi: 10.1093/ajcn/34.11.2530. [PubMed: 6975563].
  • 19. Chakravarty C, Hazarika B, Goswami L, Ramasubban S. Prevalence of malnutrition in a tertiary care hospital in India. Indian J Crit Care Med. 2013;17(3):170-3. doi: 10.4103/0972-5229.117058. [PubMed: 24082614]. [PubMed Central: PMC3777371].
  • 20. Stratton RJ, Hackston A, Longmore D, Dixon R, Price S, Stroud M, et al. Malnutrition in hospital outpatients and inpatients: Prevalence, concurrent validity and ease of use of the 'malnutrition universal screening tool' ('MUST') for adults. Br J Nutr. 2004;92(5):799-808. [PubMed: 15533269].
  • 21. Mueller C, Compher C, Ellen DM; American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (A.S.P.E.N.) Board of Directors. A.S.P.E.N. clinical guidelines: Nutrition screening, assessment, and intervention in adults. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2011;35(1):16-24. doi: 10.1177/0148607110389335. [PubMed: 21224430].
  • 22. Gout BS, Barker LA, Crowe TC. Malnutrition identification, diagnosis and dietetic referrals: Are we doing a good enough job? Nutr Diet. 2009;66(4):206-11. doi: 10.1111/j.1747-0080.2009.01372.x.
  • 23. Edington J, Boorman J, Durrant ER, Perkins A, Giffin CV, James R, et al. Prevalence of malnutrition on admission to four hospitals in England. The Malnutrition Prevalence Group. Clin Nutr. 2000;19(3):191-5. doi: 10.1054/clnu.1999.0121. [PubMed: 10895110].
  • 24. Bharadwaj S, Ginoya S, Tandon P, Gohel TD, Guirguis J, Vallabh H, et al. Malnutrition: Laboratory markers vs nutritional assessment. Gastroenterol Rep (Oxf). 2016;4(4):272-80. doi: 10.1093/gastro/gow013. [PubMed: 27174435]. [PubMed Central: PMC5193064].
  • 25. Splett PL, Roth-Yousey LL, Vogelzang JL. Medical nutrition therapy for the prevention and treatment of unintentional weight loss in residential healthcare facilities. J Am Diet Assoc. 2003;103(3):352-62. doi: 10.1053/jada.2003.50050. [PubMed: 12616259].
  • 26. Kimiagar SM, Bazhan M. [Poverty and malnutrition in Iran]. Social Welfare. 2005;5(18):91-111. Persian.
  • 27. Imoberdorf R, Meier R, Krebs P, Hangartner PJ, Hess B, Staubli M, et al. Prevalence of undernutrition on admission to Swiss hospitals. Clin Nutr. 2010;29(1):38-41. doi: 10.1016/j.clnu.2009.06.005. [PubMed: 19573958].
  • 28. Fanian H, Pahlavansabagh A, Azarman N, Nahid A. Prevalence of malnutrition in orthopedic patients in Al-Zahra Hospital, Isfahan, Iran. J Res Med Sci. 2004;9(2):102.
  • 29. Feldblum I, German L, Castel H, Harman-Boehm I, Bilenko N, Eisinger M, et al. Characteristics of undernourished older medical patients and the identification of predictors for undernutrition status. Nutr J. 2007;6:37. doi: 10.1186/1475-2891-6-37. [PubMed: 17980023]. [PubMed Central: PMC2204029].
  • 30. Kruizenga HM, Seidell JC, de Vet HC, Wierdsma NJ, van Bokhorst-de van der Schueren MA. Development and validation of a hospital screening tool for malnutrition: The short nutritional assessment questionnaire (SNAQ). Clin Nutr. 2005;24(1):75-82. doi: 10.1016/j.clnu.2004.07.015. [PubMed: 15681104].
  • 31. Elia M, Zellipour L, Stratton RJ. To screen or not to screen for adult malnutrition? Clin Nutr. 2005;24(6):867-84. doi: 10.1016/j.clnu.2005.03.004. [PubMed: 15893857].

Featured Image:

Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments