Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences

Published by: Kowsar

Differential Effect of Swimming Stress and Exercise Models in Pentylenetetrazol Induced Kindling of Rats

Hasan Abiri 1 , Mahmoud Elahdadi Salmani 2 , * , Shahram Sharafi 1 , Peyman Pajand 1 , Iran Goudarzi 2 and Kataneh Abrari 2
Authors Information
1 Department of Biology, Faculty of Basic Sciences, Damghan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Damghan, Iran
2 Faculty of Biology, Damghan University, Damghan, Iran
Article information
  • Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: December 28, 2014, 16 (12); e23405
  • Published Online: December 2, 2013
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: August 11, 2013
  • Accepted: September 18, 2013

To Cite: Abiri H, Elahdadi Salmani M, Sharafi S, Pajand P, Goudarzi I, et al. Differential Effect of Swimming Stress and Exercise Models in Pentylenetetrazol Induced Kindling of Rats, Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2014 ; 16(12):e23405.

Copyright © 2014 Zahedan University of Medical Sciences. All rights reserved.This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
Materials and Methods
  • 1. Blumcke I, Beck H, Lie AA, Wiestler OD. Molecular neuropathology of human mesial temporal lobe epilepsy. Epilepsy Res. 1999; 36(2-3): 205-23[PubMed]
  • 2. Pitkanen A, Lukasiuk K. Molecular and cellular basis of epileptogenesis in symptomatic epilepsy. Epilepsy Behav. 2009; 14 Suppl 1: 16-25[DOI][PubMed]
  • 3. Goddard GV. Development of epileptic seizures through brain stimulation at low intensity. Nature. 1967; 214(5092): 1020-1[PubMed]
  • 4. Edwards HE, Dortok D, Tam J, Won D, Burnham WM. Prenatal stress alters seizure thresholds and the development of kindled seizures in infant and adult rats. Horm Behav. 2002; 42(4): 437-47[PubMed]
  • 5. Weinstock M. The potential influence of maternal stress hormones on development and mental health of the offspring. Brain Behav Immun. 2005; 19(4): 296-308[DOI][PubMed]
  • 6. Joels M, Baram TZ. The neuro-symphony of stress. Nat Rev Neurosci. 2009; 10(6): 459-66[DOI][PubMed]
  • 7. Kohman RA, Tarr AJ, Day CE, McLinden KA, Boehm GW. Influence of prenatal stress on behavioral, endocrine, and cytokine responses to adulthood bacterial endotoxin exposure. Behav Brain Res. 2008; 193(2): 257-68[DOI][PubMed]
  • 8. Rhodes ME, Harney JP, Frye CA. Gonadal, adrenal, and neuroactive steroids' role in ictal activity. Brain Res. 2004; 1000(1-2): 8-18[DOI][PubMed]
  • 9. Cotman CW, Berchtold NC. Exercise: a behavioral intervention to enhance brain health and plasticity. Trends Neurosci. 2002; 25(6): 295-301[PubMed]
  • 10. Heyn PC, Johnson KE, Kramer AF. Endurance and strength training outcomes on cognitively impaired and cognitively intact older adults: a meta-analysis. J Nutr Health Aging. 2008; 12(6): 401-9[PubMed]
  • 11. Nakken KO. Physical exercise in outpatients with epilepsy. Epilepsia. 1999; 40(5): 643-51[PubMed]
  • 12. Fountain NB, May AC. Epilepsy and athletics. Clin Sports Med. 2003; 22(3): 605-16[PubMed]
  • 13. Arida RM, Scorza FA, de Albuquerque M, Cysneiros RM, de Oliveira RJ, Cavalheiro EA. Evaluation of physical exercise habits in Brazilian patients with epilepsy. Epilepsy Behav. 2003; 4(5): 507-10[PubMed]
  • 14. Pericic D, Svob D, Jazvinscak M, Mirkovic K. Anticonvulsive effect of swim stress in mice. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2000; 66(4): 879-86[PubMed]
  • 15. Taltavull JF, Chefer VI, Shippenberg TS, Kiyatkin EA. Severe brain hypothermia as a factor underlying behavioral immobility during cold-water forced swim. Brain Res. 2003; 975(1-2): 244-7[PubMed]
  • 16. Lapo IB, Konarzewski M, Sadowski B. Effect of cold acclimation and repeated swimming on opioid and nonopioid swim stress-induced analgesia in selectively bred mice. Physiol Behav. 2003; 78(3): 345-50[PubMed]
  • 17. Fereidoni M, Javan M, Semnanian S, Ahmadiani A. Chronic forced swim stress inhibits ultra-low dose morphine-induced hyperalgesia in rats. Behav Pharmacol. 2007; 18(7): 667-72[DOI][PubMed]
  • 18. Pietrelli A, Lopez-Costa J, Goni R, Brusco A, Basso N. Aerobic exercise prevents age-dependent cognitive decline and reduces anxiety-related behaviors in middle-aged and old rats. Neuroscience. 2012; 202: 252-66[DOI][PubMed]
  • 19. Pietrelli A, Lopez-Costa JJ, Goni R, Lopez EM, Brusco A, Basso N. Effects of moderate and chronic exercise on the nitrergic system and behavioral parameters in rats. Brain Res. 2011; 1389: 71-82[DOI][PubMed]
  • 20. Mello PB, Benetti F, Cammarota M, Izquierdo I. Effects of acute and chronic physical exercise and stress on different types of memory in rats. An Acad Bras Cienc. 2008; 80(2): 301-9[PubMed]
  • 21. Bobillier Chaumont S, Maupoil V, Jacques Lahet J, Berthelot A. Effect of exercise training on metallothionein levels of hypertensive rats. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2001; 33(5): 724-8[PubMed]
  • 22. Racine R, Okujava V, Chipashvili S. Modification of seizure activity by electrical stimulation. 3. Mechanisms. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol. 1972; 32(3): 295-9[PubMed]
  • 23. Corda MG, Giorgi O, Longoni B, Orlandi M, Biggio G. Decrease in the function of the gamma-aminobutyric acid-coupled chloride channel produced by the repeated administration of pentylenetetrazol to rats. J Neurochem. 1990; 55(4): 1216-21[PubMed]
  • 24. Salmani ME, Mirnajafizadeh J, Fathollahi Y. Offsetting of aberrations associated with seizure proneness in rat hippocampus area CA1 by theta pulse stimulation-induced activity pattern. Neuroscience. 2007; 149(3): 518-26[DOI][PubMed]
  • 25. Yuen AW, Thompson PJ, Flugel D, Bell GS, Sander JW. Mortality and morbidity rates are increased in people with epilepsy: is stress part of the equation? Epilepsy Behav. 2007; 10(1): 1-7[DOI][PubMed]
  • 26. Devaki M, Nirupama R, Yajurvedi HN. Chronic stress-induced oxidative damage and hyperlipidemia are accompanied by atherosclerotic development in rats. Stress. 2013; 16(2): 233-43[DOI][PubMed]
  • 27. Souza MA, Oliveira MS, Furian AF, Rambo LM, Ribeiro LR, Lima FD, et al. Swimming training prevents pentylenetetrazol-induced inhibition of Na+, K+-ATPase activity, seizures, and oxidative stress. Epilepsia. 2009; 50(4): 811-23[DOI][PubMed]
  • 28. Pericic D, Bujas M. Sex differences in bicuculline-induced convulsions: interaction with stress and ligands of benzodiazepine binding sites. Brain Res. 1997; 752(1-2): 279-84[PubMed]
  • 29. Pericic D, Jazvinscak M, Svob D, Mirkovic K. Swim stress alters the behavioural response of mice to GABA-related and some GABA-unrelated convulsants. Epilepsy Res. 2001; 43(2): 145-52[PubMed]
  • 30. Kramer AF, Erickson KI. Capitalizing on cortical plasticity: influence of physical activity on cognition and brain function. Trends Cogn Sci. 2007; 11(8): 342-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 31. Griffin EW, Mullally S, Foley C, Warmington SA, O'Mara SM, Kelly AM. Aerobic exercise improves hippocampal function and increases BDNF in the serum of young adult males. Physiol Behav. 2011; 104(5): 934-41[DOI][PubMed]
  • 32. Erickson KI, Voss MW, Prakash RS, Basak C, Szabo A, Chaddock L, et al. Exercise training increases size of hippocampus and improves memory. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011; 108(7): 3017-22[DOI][PubMed]
  • 33. Arida RM, Scorza FA, Terra VC, Cysneiros RM, Cavalheiro EA. Physical exercise in rats with epilepsy is protective against seizures: evidence of animal studies. Arq Neuropsiquiatr. 2009; 67(4): 1013-6[PubMed]
  • 34. Ang ET, Dawe GS, Wong PT, Moochhala S, Ng YK. Alterations in spatial learning and memory after forced exercise. Brain Res. 2006; 1113(1): 186-93[DOI][PubMed]
  • 35. Cotman CW, Berchtold NC, Christie LA. Exercise builds brain health: key roles of growth factor cascades and inflammation. Trends Neurosci. 2007; 30(9): 464-72[DOI][PubMed]
  • 36. Berchtold NC, Castello N, Cotman CW. Exercise and time-dependent benefits to learning and memory. Neuroscience. 2010; 167(3): 588-97[DOI][PubMed]
  • 37. Anderson BJ, Rapp DN, Baek DH, McCloskey DP, Coburn-Litvak PS, Robinson JK. Exercise influences spatial learning in the radial arm maze. Physiol Behav. 2000; 70(5): 425-9[PubMed]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments