Prevalence of Malnutrition in Children under 6 Years in Sistan and Baluchestan Province, Iran

AUTHORS

Monir Eftekharenia 1 , Farzaneh Montazerifar 2 , Mahdeyeh Shaykhei 2 , Mansour Karajibani 3 , *

2 Health Deputy, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences , Zahedan, Iran

2 Health Deputy, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran

3 Department of Nutrition, Health Promo tion Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran

How to Cite: Eftekharenia M, Montazerifar F, Shaykhei M, Karajibani M . Prevalence of Malnutrition in Children under 6 Years in Sistan and Baluchestan Province, Iran, Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2014 ; 16(8):-.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: 16 (8)
Published Online: April 02, 2013
Article Type: Research Article
Received: February 15, 2013
Accepted: March 06, 2013

Crossmark

CHEKING

READ FULL TEXT
Abstract

Background: The present study was conducted in rural area of Sistan and Baluchestan province, south-east of Iran with aim of determine the prevalence of underweight, stunting, wasting, overweight and obesity among children.

Materias and Methods: One thousand five hundred seventy Children were selected from all children less than 6 years covered by healthy and treatment centers of rural area in Sistan and Baluchestan province. Body weight and height were measured using standard methods. Determination of malnutrition performed based on WHO, National Center for Health Statistics and Center for Disease Control and Prevention (NCHS and CDC) standard. The indices nutritional status was assessed by Z- Score.

Results: The result showed that, based on NCHS and WHO standard: 21.1% and 19.4%, 28.2% and 32.1%, 7.5% and 9.4% of children were underweight, stunted and wasted respectively. The peak of malnutrition based on stunting was more than underweight and wasting. According to CDC standard, the prevalence of underweight, overweight and obesity was 27.8%, 4.2% and 4.1% respectively. The most rate of overweight and obesity was 7.1% and 5% in children aged 3 years using CDC cut-off and also lowest rate of overweight and obesity were 1.5% and 0% in children aged 5 years.

Conclusion: This study revealed, underweight, stunting and wasting represents different processes of malnutrition which have different risk factors. However, it might be replaced by overweight as children grow to adolescence. Nevertheless, overweight and obesity are not major problem in the children.

Keywords

Anthropometry Malnutrition Child Iran

© 0, Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

Fulltext

Fulltext is availale in the PDF.

References

  • 1.

    Refrences are available in PDF.

  • COMMENTS

    LEAVE A COMMENT HERE: