Prevalence of Preventable Causes of Low Vision in Different Ages and Genders

AUTHORS

Mohsen Akhgary 1 , * , Mohammad Ghassemi - Broumand 1 , Mohammad Aghazadeh - Amiri 1 , Mehdi Tabatabaee 2

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Department of Optometry, Faculty of Rehabilitation, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Rehabilitation, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences,, Tehran, Iran

How to Cite: Akhgary M , Ghassemi - Broumand M, Aghazadeh - Amiri M, Tabatabaee M. Prevalence of Preventable Causes of Low Vision in Different Ages and Genders, Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2013 ; 16(1):83-85.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: 16 (1); 83-85
Published Online: May 20, 2013
Article Type: Short Communication
Received: August 16, 2012
Accepted: September 14, 2012

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Abstract

Background: Much of the vision loss from age-related eye disease can be prevented. The purpose of this study is to determine the prevalence of preventable causes of low vision.

Materials and Methods: In this study, files of 204 patients were evaluated. Low vision was defined as best-corrected visual acuity in the better eye between 20/70 to 20/200. Diagnosis of anterior and posterior segment disease was based on the eye examination that performed with Topcon slit-lamp biomicroscope and direct and indirect ophthalmoscope examination.

Results: The prevalence of preventable causes of low was respectively: diabetic retinopathy, in 33 patients (16.18%), glaucoma in 6 patients (2.94%), and amblyopia in 2 patients (1%).

Conclusions: The majority of cases have treatable and/or preventable causes; reduction of low vision or blindness can be achieved by appropriate screening strategies.

Keywords

Diabetic Retinopathy Age Related Macular Degeneration Glaucoma

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