Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences

Published by: Kowsar

Relation of Verbal Memory Dysfunction with Type and Severity of Psychiatric Symptoms in Schizophrenic Patients

Atieh Ghasemi 1 , Omid Rezaee 2 and Mohammad Sayadnasiri 2 , *
Authors Information
1 Department of Clinical psychology, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran
2 Psychosis Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Article information
  • Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: March 2018, 20 (3); e57987
  • Published Online: February 28, 2018
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: July 11, 2017
  • Revised: November 16, 2017
  • Accepted: February 19, 2018
  • DOI: 10.5812/zjrms.57987

To Cite: Ghasemi A, Rezaee O, Sayadnasiri M. Relation of Verbal Memory Dysfunction with Type and Severity of Psychiatric Symptoms in Schizophrenic Patients, Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2018 ; 20(3):e57987. doi: 10.5812/zjrms.57987.

Copyright © 2018, Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited
1. Background
2. Methods
3. Results
4. Discussion
  • 1. Millier A, Schmidt U, Angermeyer MC, Chauhan D, Murthy V, Toumi M, et al. Humanistic burden in schizophrenia: a literature review. J Psychiatr Res. 2014;54:85-93. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2014.03.021. [PubMed: 24795289].
  • 2. Koujalgi SR, Patil SR. Family burden in patient with schizophrenia and depressive disorder: a comparative study. Indian J Psychol Med. 2013;35(3):251-5. doi: 10.4103/0253-7176.119475. [PubMed: 24249926].
  • 3. Hoff AL, Kremen WS. Neuropsychology in schizophrenia: an update. Curr Opin Psychiatry. 2003;16(2):149-55. doi: 10.1097/00001504-200303000-00003.
  • 4. Keefe RS, Harvey PD. Cognitive impairment in schizophrenia. Handb Exp Pharmacol. 2012;(213):11-37. doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-25758-2_2. [PubMed: 23027411].
  • 5. Fioravanti M, Bianchi V, Cinti ME. Cognitive deficits in schizophrenia: an updated metanalysis of the scientific evidence. BMC Psychiatry. 2012;12:64. doi: 10.1186/1471-244X-12-64. [PubMed: 22715980].
  • 6. Nuechterlein KH, Ventura J, Subotnik KL, Bartzokis G. The early longitudinal course of cognitive deficits in schizophrenia. J Clin Psychiatry. 2014;75 Suppl 2:25-9. doi: 10.4088/JCP.13065.su1.06. [PubMed: 24919168].
  • 7. Vidailhet P. [First-episode psychosis, cognitive difficulties and remediation]. Encephale. 2013;39 Suppl 2:S83-92. doi: 10.1016/S0013-7006(13)70101-5. [PubMed: 24084427].
  • 8. Addington J, Addington D. Cognitive functioning in first-episode schizophrenia. J Psychiatry Neurosci. 2002;27(3):188-92. [PubMed: 12066448].
  • 9. Aleman A, Hijman R, de Haan EH, Kahn RS. Memory impairment in schizophrenia: a meta-analysis. Am J Psychiatry. 1999;156(9):1358-66. doi: 10.1176/ajp.156.9.1358. [PubMed: 10484945].
  • 10. Hassan Kalhori S, Hosseini R, Masafi S, Rezaei O. Neuropsychological correlates of delusional beliefs in psychotic patients. Int J Adv Lif Sci. 2013;6(3):185-91.
  • 11. Ostadghafour S, Hosseini R, Masafi S, Rezaei O. Neuropsychological correlates of different dimensions of insight into disease in psychotic patients. Int J Adv Lif Sci. 2013;6(4):333-42.
  • 12. Cirillo MA, Seidman LJ. Verbal declarative memory dysfunction in schizophrenia: from clinical assessment to genetics and brain mechanisms. Neuropsychol Rev. 2003;13(2):43-77. doi: 10.1023/A:1023870821631. [PubMed: 12887039].
  • 13. Rajji TK, Miranda D, Mulsant BH. Cognition, function, and disability in patients with schizophrenia: a review of longitudinal studies. Can J Psychiatry. 2014;59(1):13-7. doi: 10.1177/070674371405900104. [PubMed: 24444319].
  • 14. Strassnig MT, Raykov T, O'Gorman C, Bowie CR, Sabbag S, Durand D, et al. Determinants of different aspects of everyday outcome in schizophrenia: The roles of negative symptoms, cognition, and functional capacity. Schizophr Res. 2015;165(1):76-82. doi: 10.1016/j.schres.2015.03.033. [PubMed: 25868935].
  • 15. Orangi M, Atefvahid MK, Ashayeri H. Standardization of the revised wechsler memory scale in Shiraz [In Persian]. Iran J Psychiatry Clin Psychol. 2002;7(4):56-66.
  • 16. Kay SR, Opler LA, Lindenmayer JP. Reliability and validity of the positive and negative syndrome scale for schizophrenics. Psychiatry Res. 1988;23(1):99-110. doi: 10.1016/0165-1781(88)90038-8. [PubMed: 3363019].
  • 17. Hughes C, Kumari V, Soni W, Das M, Binneman B, Drozd S, et al. Longitudinal study of symptoms and cognitive function in chronic schizophrenia. Schizophr Res. 2003;59(2-3):137-46. doi: 10.1016/S0920-9964(01)00393-0. [PubMed: 12414070].
  • 18. Bilder RM, Goldman RS, Robinson D, Reiter G, Bell L, Bates JA, et al. Neuropsychology of first-episode schizophrenia: initial characterization and clinical correlates. Am J Psychiatry. 2000;157(4):549-59. doi: 10.1176/appi.ajp.157.4.549. [PubMed: 10739413].
  • 19. McDermid Vaz SA, Heinrichs RW. Schizophrenia and memory impairment: evidence for a neurocognitive subtype. Psychiatry Res. 2002;113(1-2):93-105. doi: 10.1016/S0165-1781(02)00246-9. [PubMed: 12467949].
  • 20. Goldberg TE, Hyde TM, Kleinman JE, Weinberger DR. Course of schizophrenia: neuropsychological evidence for a static encephalopathy. Schizophr Bull. 1993;19(4):797-804. doi: 10.1093/schbul/19.4.797. [PubMed: 8303228].
  • 21. Semkovska M, Bedard MA, Stip E. [Hypofrontality and negative symptoms in schizophrenia: synthesis of anatomic and neuropsychological knowledge and ecological perspectives]. Encephale. 2001;27(5):405-15. [PubMed: 11760690].
  • 22. Turetsky B, Cowell PE, Gur RC, Grossman RI, Shtasel DL, Gur RE. Frontal and temporal lobe brain volumes in schizophrenia. Relationship to symptoms and clinical subtype. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1995;52(12):1061-70. [PubMed: 7492258].
  • 23. Iritani S. Neuropathology of schizophrenia: a mini review. Neuropathology. 2007;27(6):604-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-1789.2007.00798.x. [PubMed: 18021384].
  • 24. Anderson JE, Wible CG, McCarley RW, Jakab M, Kasai K, Shenton ME. An MRI study of temporal lobe abnormalities and negative symptoms in chronic schizophrenia. Schizophr Res. 2002;58(2-3):123-34. doi: 10.1016/S0920-9964(01)00372-3. [PubMed: 12409152].
  • 25. Gold JM, Rehkemper G, Binks S3, Carpenter CJ, Fleming K, Goldberg TE, et al. Learning and forgetting in schizophrenia. J Abnorm Psychol. 2000;109(3):534-8. doi: 10.1037/0021-843X.109.3.534. [PubMed: 11016123].
  • 26. Tracy JI, Mattson R, King C, Bundick T, Celenza MA, Glosser G. A comparison of memory for verbal and non-verbal material in schizophrenia. Schizophr Res. 2001;50(3):199-211. doi: 10.1016/S0920-9964(01)00241-9. [PubMed: 11439241].
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments