Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences

Published by: Kowsar

The Relationship Between Internet Addiction, Loneliness and Sleep Quality Among Students of Nursing and Midwifery Faculty

Fereshteh Najafi 1 , Fatihe Kerman Saravi 1 , * , Ali Navidian 1 and Sobhan Malek Raeisi 2
Authors Information
1 Community Nursing Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran
2 Scientific Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran
Article information
  • Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: December 31, 2018, 20 (12); e68394
  • Published Online: December 25, 2018
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: March 7, 2018
  • Revised: November 14, 2018
  • Accepted: December 10, 2018
  • DOI: 10.5812/zjrms.68394

To Cite: Najafi F, Kerman Saravi F, Navidian A, Malek Raeisi S. The Relationship Between Internet Addiction, Loneliness and Sleep Quality Among Students of Nursing and Midwifery Faculty, Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2018 ; 20(12):e68394. doi: 10.5812/zjrms.68394.

Copyright © 2018, Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
  • 1. Capetillo-Ventura N, Juárez-Trevio M. Internet addiction in university medical students. Med Univ. 2015;17(67):88-93. doi: 10.1016/j.rmu.2015.02.003.
  • 2. Ahangarzadeh Rezaei S, Moradi Y. [Internet addiction study at Urmia university students medical sciences]. J Urmia Nurs Midwifery Fac. 2015;13(5):434-9. Persian. doi: 10.1016/j.rmu.2015.02.003.
  • 3. Gedam SR, Shivji IA, Goyal A, Modi L, Ghosh S. Comparison of internet addiction, pattern and psychopathology between medical and dental students. Asian J Psychiatr. 2016;22:105-10. doi: 10.1016/j.ajp.2016.06.007. [PubMed: 27520909].
  • 4. Alavi SS, Maracy MR, Jannatifard F, Eslami M. The effect of psychiatric symptoms on the internet addiction disorder in Isfahan's University students. J Res Med Sci. 2011;16(6):793-800. [PubMed: 22091309]. [PubMed Central: PMC3214398].
  • 5. Fallahi P, Shahrbabaki BN, Hashemian M, Daneshvar F. [Exploringfactors on internet addiction instudents of sanandaj universities: A study with content analysis approach]. Community Health. 2016;3(1):1-10. Persian.
  • 6. Young KS. Cognitive behavior therapy with Internet addicts: Treatment outcomes and implications. Cyberpsychol Behav. 2007;10(5):671-9. doi: 10.1089/cpb.2007.9971. [PubMed: 17927535].
  • 7. Spada MM. An overview of problematic internet use. Addict Behav. 2014;39(1):3-6. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2013.09.007. [PubMed: 24126206].
  • 8. Orsal O, Orsal O, Unsal A, Ozalp SS. Evaluation of internet addiction and depression among university students. Procedia Soc Behav Sci. 2013;82:445-54. doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.06.291.
  • 9. Cheng SH, Shih CC, Lee IH, Hou YW, Chen KC, Chen KT, et al. A study on the sleep quality of incoming university students. Psychiatry Res. 2012;197(3):270-4. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2011.08.011. [PubMed: 22342120].
  • 10. Bahri N, SadeghMoghadam L, Khodadost L, Mohammadzade J, Banafsheh E. [Internet addiction status and its relation with students’ general health at Gonabad Medical University]. Mod Care J. 2011;8(3):166-73. Persian.
  • 11. Fallahi V. Effects of ICT on the youth: A study about the relationship between internet usage and social isolation among Iranian students. Procedia Soc Behav Sci. 2011;15:394-8. doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.03.110.
  • 12. Kiany T, Fallahi Khoshknab M, Dalvandi A, Hosaini MA, Nourozi K. [Internet addiction and its related factors among nursing students in Tehran University of Medical Sciences in 2013]. J Nurs Educ. 2014;2(4):50-62. Persian.
  • 13. Yahyazadeh S, Fallahi-Khoshknab M, Norouzi K, Dalvandi A. [The prevalence of smart phone addiction among students in medical sciences universities in Tehran 2016]. Adv Nurs Midwifery. 2017;26(94):1-10. Persian.
  • 14. Azizi nejad B, Pourheydar R, Ranji G, Gholinejad Z. [Study of the internet addiction amount among students and its relationship between personality elements and anxiety]. J Urmia Nurs Midwifery Fac. 2015;12(10):959-64. Persian.
  • 15. Beranuy M, Oberst U, Carbonell X, Chamarro A. Problematic Internet and mobile phone use and clinical symptoms in college students: The role of emotional intelligence. Comput Human Behav. 2009;25(5):1182-7. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2009.03.001.
  • 16. Mirzaian B, Baezzat F, Khakpoor N. The addiction among students and its effect on mental health. Inf CommunTechnol Educ Sci. 2011;2(1):141-60.
  • 17. Yao MZ, Zhong ZJ. Loneliness, social contacts and Internet addiction: A cross-lagged panel study. Comput Human Behav. 2014;30:164-70. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2013.08.007.
  • 18. Lin SC, Tsai KW, Chen MW, Koo M. Association between fatigue and Internet addiction in female hospital nurses. J Adv Nurs. 2013;69(2):374-83. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2648.2012.06016.x. [PubMed: 22515191].
  • 19. Nourian Aghdam J, Almardani Some’eh S, Kazemi R. Comparison of sleep disturbance, social isolation and emotion regulation in internet addiction disorder and normal students in Ardabil city, in 2014. Pajouhan Sci J. 2016;14(4):8-17. doi: 10.21859/psj-140408.
  • 20. Kim J, Haridakis PM. The role of internet user characteristics and motives in explaining three dimensions of internet addiction. J Comput Mediat Commun. 2009;14(4):988-1015. doi: 10.1111/j.1083-6101.2009.01478.x.
  • 21. Zarbakhsh Bahri MR, Rashedi V, Khademi MJ. [Loneliness and Internet addiction in students]. J Health Promot Manag. 2013;2(1):32-8. Persian.
  • 22. Sahin S, Ozdemir K, Unsal A, Temiz N. Evaluation of mobile phone addiction level and sleep quality in university students. Pak J Med Sci. 2013;29(4):913-8. [PubMed: 24353658]. [PubMed Central: PMC3817775].
  • 23. Solhi M, Farhandi H, Armoon B. [Internet addiction among B. SC. students in Health Faculty, Tehran University of Medical Sciences]. Razi J Med Sci. 2013;20(106):40-7. Persian.
  • 24. Young KS. Internet addiction: The emergence of a new clinical disorder. Cyberpsychol Behav. 1998;1(3):237-44. doi: 10.1089/cpb.1998.1.237.
  • 25. Canan F, Ataoglu A, Nichols LA, Yildirim T, Ozturk O. Evaluation of psychometric properties of the internet addiction scale in a sample of Turkish high school students. Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw. 2010;13(3):317-20. [PubMed: 20557252].
  • 26. Nastizai N. [The relationship between general health and internet addiction]. Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2009;11(1):57-63. Persian.
  • 27. Farhadinia M, Jalilvand M, Foroughi S, Rezaii S. [Study of relatioship between the Internet addication and general health of students of Lorestan University of Medical Sciences in 2013]. Yafte. 2015;17(4). Persian.
  • 28. Buysse DJ, Reynolds CF 3rd, Monk TH, Berman SR, Kupfer DJ. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index: A new instrument for psychiatric practice and research. Psychiatry Res. 1989;28(2):193-213. doi: 10.1016/0165-1781(89)90047-4. [PubMed: 2748771].
  • 29. Ghoreishi A, Aghajani AH. [Sleep quality in Zanjan University Medical students]. Tehran Univ Med J. 2008;66(1):61-7. Persian.
  • 30. Hajizadeh Meymandi M, Vakili Ghasemabad S, Mirmongereh A. [A survey of the relationship between sociopsychological factors and internet addiction (case study: Girl students of Yazd University)]. J Woman Culture Arts. 2017;8(4):473-92. Persian.
  • 31. Ni X, Yan H, Chen S, Liu Z. Factors influencing internet addiction in a sample of freshmen university students in China. Cyberpsychol Behav. 2009;12(3):327-30. doi: 10.1089/cpb.2008.0321. [PubMed: 19445631].
  • 32. Salahian A, Gharibi H, Malekpour N, Salahian N. [Examining the role of predictor variables of mental health and personality subscales in Internet addiction of students in medical and non-Medical Universities of Sanandaj in 2014]. Jorjani Biomed J. 2015;3(2):36-45. Persian.
  • 33. Vahabi A, Vahabi B, Rajabi N, Ahmadian M. [Evaluation of internet addiction and its related factors in the students of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, 2015]. J Med Educ Dev. 2015;8(19):99-110. Persian.
  • 34. Waqas A, Rehman A, Malik A, Aftab R, Allah Yar A, Allah Yar A, et al. Exploring the association of ego defense mechanisms with problematic internet use in a Pakistani medical school. Psychiatry Res. 2016;243:463-8. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2016.07.021. [PubMed: 27504797].
  • 35. Mohammadiju A. [Role of the internet on social isolation among students of Islamic Azad University in Tehran center 92]. media studies. 2013;8(22):19-30. Persian.
  • 36. Mansouri A, Mokhayeri Y, Mohammadi Farrokhran E, Tavakkol Z, Fotouhi A. [Sleep quality of students living in dormitories in Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS) in 2011]. Iran J Epidemiol. 2012;8(2). Persian.
  • 37. Rahmati M, Rahmani S, Akbarzadeh Baghban A, Fathollahzadeh F, Gharibnavaz P. [Investigation of relationship between quality of sleep and mental health of rehabilitation sciences students of Shahid Beheshti university of medical sciences 1391-92]. J Rehab Med. 2015;4(3):147-5. Persian.
  • 38. Rabiei A, Mohammadzadeh F. [Cybernetic pathology: The effect of internet on students' social isolation]. Soc Cult Strategy J. 2013;2(6):43-60. Persian.

Featured Image:

Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments