Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences

Published by: Kowsar

Determination of Frequency of Bacterial Agent Causing Ventilator Associated Pneumonia in the Patients Hospitalized in the Intensive Care Unit of Tonkabon Shahid Rajaei Hospital by PCR Sequencing

Hoda Ghafari 1 and Masood Ghane 1 , *
Authors Information
1 Department of Microbiology, Tonekabon Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tonekabon, Iran
Article information
  • Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: March 2017, 19 (3); e8039
  • Published Online: March 26, 2017
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: July 30, 2016
  • Revised: October 6, 2016
  • Accepted: March 21, 2017
  • DOI: 10.5812/zjrms.8039

To Cite: Ghafari H, Ghane M. Determination of Frequency of Bacterial Agent Causing Ventilator Associated Pneumonia in the Patients Hospitalized in the Intensive Care Unit of Tonkabon Shahid Rajaei Hospital by PCR Sequencing, Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2017 ; 19(3):e8039. doi: 10.5812/zjrms.8039.

Abstract
Copyright © 2017, Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
Footnotes
References
  • 1. Trivedi TH, Shejale SB, Yeolekar ME. Nosocomial pneumonia in medical intensive care unit. J Assoc Physicians India. 2000; 48(11): 1070-3[PubMed]
  • 2. Helling TS, Van Way C3, Krantz S, Bertram K, Stewart A. The value of clinical judgment in the diagnosis of nosocomial pneumonia. Am J Surg. 1996; 171(6): 570-5[DOI][PubMed]
  • 3. Craven DE, Steger KA. Nosocomial pneumonia in mechanically ventilated adult patients: epidemiology and prevention in 1996. Semin Respir Infect. 1996; 11(1): 32-53[PubMed]
  • 4. Kollef MH. Ventilator-associated pneumonia. A multivariate analysis. JAMA. 1993; 270(16): 1965-70[DOI][PubMed]
  • 5. Sadegyan E. Nosocominal management in intensive care unit. J Arak Faculty Nurse Midwifery (saberin). 2005; 6: 37-43
  • 6. Erbay RH, Yalcin AN, Zencir M, Serin S, Atalay H. Costs and risk factors for ventilator-associated pneumonia in a Turkish university hospital's intensive care unit: a case-control study. BMC Pulm Med. 2004; 4: 3[DOI][PubMed]
  • 7. Sambrook J, Fritsch E, Maniatist T. In molecular cloning a laboratory manual. 1989; 1: 1-3
  • 8. Porjafari M GMGMRAZGHAKM. Prevalence of the resistance genes to extended-spectrum β -lactam antibiotics in P. aeruginosa strains collected from different parts of Tonekabon Shahid Rajai hospital in north of Iran, using PCR technique. Annals of Biological Research. 2013; 4(12): 163-8
  • 9. Wagh H, Acharya D. Ventilator associated pneumonia-an overview. Br J Med Pract. 2009; 2(2): 16-9
  • 10. Esperatti M, Ferrer M, Theessen A, Liapikou A, Valencia M, Saucedo LM, et al. Nosocomial pneumonia in the intensive care unit acquired by mechanically ventilated versus nonventilated patients. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2010; 182(12): 1533-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 11. Michel F, Franceschini B, Berger P, Arnal JM, Gainnier M, Sainty JM, et al. Early antibiotic treatment for BAL-confirmed ventilator-associated pneumonia: a role for routine endotracheal aspirate cultures. Chest. 2005; 127(2): 589-97[DOI][PubMed]
  • 12. Jamaati HR, Malekmohammad M, Hashemian MR, Nayebi M, Basharzad N. Ventilator-associated pneumonia: Evaluation of etiology, microbiology and resistance patterns in a tertiary respiratory center. Tanaffos. 2010; 9(1): 21-7
  • 13. Chastre J, Fagon JY, Bornet-Lecso M, Calvat S, Dombret MC, al Khani R, et al. Evaluation of bronchoscopic techniques for the diagnosis of nosocomial pneumonia. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1995; 152(1): 231-40[DOI][PubMed]
  • 14. Bornstain C, Azoulay E, De Lassence A, Cohen Y, Costa MA, Mourvillier B, et al. Sedation, sucralfate, and antibiotic use are potential means for protection against early-onset ventilator-associated pneumonia. Clin Infect Dis. 2004; 38(10): 1401-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 15. Chawla R. Epidemiology, etiology, and diagnosis of hospital-acquired pneumonia and ventilator-associated pneumonia in Asian countries. Am J Infect Control. 2008; 36(4 Suppl)-100[DOI][PubMed]
  • 16. Afhami S, Hadadi A, Khorami E, Seifi A, Bazaz NE. Ventilator-associated pneumonia in a teaching hospital in Tehran and use of the Iranian Nosocomial Infections Surveillance Software. East Mediterr Health J. 2013; 19(10): 883-7[PubMed]
  • 17. Vincent JL, Bihari DJ, Suter PM, Bruining HA, White J, Nicolas-Chanoin MH, et al. The prevalence of nosocomial infection in intensive care units in Europe. Results of the European Prevalence of Infection in Intensive Care (EPIC) Study. EPIC International Advisory Committee. JAMA. 1995; 274(8): 639-44[PubMed]
  • 18. Rello J, Sa-Borges M, Correa H, Leal SR, Baraibar J. Variations in etiology of ventilator-associated pneumonia across four treatment sites: implications for antimicrobial prescribing practices. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1999; 160(2): 608-13[DOI][PubMed]
  • 19. Diouf E, Beye MD, Diop Ndoye M, Kane O, Seydi AA, Ndiaye PI, et al. [Nosocomial ventilator-associated pneumonia in a tropical intensive care unit]. Dakar Med. 2006; 51(2): 81-8[PubMed]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .
Readers' Comments