Effect of Cytosolic Extract of Alternaria Alaternata Fungus on Monocyte-Derived Dendritic Cell Phagocytosis Ability and T-Lymphocyte Proliferation in the Presence of Myelin Basic Protein

AUTHORS

Alireza Loghmani 1 , * , Nowruz Delirezh 1 , Abdolghaffa Ownagh 1 , Hadi Mohebalian 1

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: 15 (11); e92793
Published Online: January 15, 2013
Article Type: Research Article
Received: July 03, 2012
Revised: August 30, 2012
Accepted: October 20, 2012

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Abstract

Background: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease with impairment in function of CNS, meanwhile macrophages and dendritic cells (DC) can cause inflammation and damage to the myelin of nerve cells by releasing Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and other harmful substances when these cells get matured. We investigated the effect of Alternaria alternata (A. alternata) extract on phagocytic T cell stimulation activity of DC pulsed with Myelin Basic Protein (MBP) as a laboratory model of MS.
Materials and Methods: Plastic adherent monocytes were cultured with granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF), interleukin-4 for converting these cells to MoDc (Monocyte-Derived Dendritic Cell), pulsed with MBP, matured in the presence of monocyte-conditioned medium (MCM) in control group and MCM+Alternaria. alternata extract in treatment groups. Phagocytic activity of DC was evaluated and T cell responses were investigated by MTT test.
Results: Phagocytic activity in treatment groups decreased significantly in compare with control group. Meanwhile, DC couldn’t stimulate T cell proliferation.
Conclusion: A. alternata extract decreased phagocytic activity of MoDc-pulsed with MBP and had no effect on T cell proliferation may provide a new strategy on immunotraphy of multiple sclerosis.

Keywords

Alternaria alternate Extract fungus Myelin Basic Protein (MBP) Dendritic cell Maturation Lymphocyte T

© 2013, Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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