Cerium Lanthanide Effect on Growth of AGS Cell Line with the Presence of Transferrin in Vitro

AUTHORS

Abolfazl Zende-Del 1 , Hassan Ahmadvand 2 , * , Foad Abdollah-Pour 2 , Majid Abdolahian 1 , Mojtaba Ahmadi-Nejad 3 , Asghar Alie-Poor 4 , Mahdi Safari 5

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Department of Internal Medicine, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran

2 Department of Biochemistry, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran

3 Department of Surgery, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran

4 Department of Pathology, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran

5 Department of Statistics, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran

How to Cite: Zende-Del A, Ahmadvand H , Abdollah-Pour F, Abdolahian M, Ahmadi-Nejad M, et al. Cerium Lanthanide Effect on Growth of AGS Cell Line with the Presence of Transferrin in Vitro, Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2013 ; 15(10):e92830.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: 15 (10); e92830
Published Online: May 28, 2013
Article Type: Research Article
Received: December 06, 2012
Revised: January 13, 2013
Accepted: February 06, 2013

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Abstract

Background : Cerium is a trace element and a member of the lanthanide group. Cerium cation is similar to ferric ions with regard to transferring binding, suggesting transferrin-receptor mediated transport could be possible to uptake the element. Therefore the aim of the present study was to survey of cytotoxic activity of cerium in the presence of transferring on growth of adenocarcinoma gastric stomach (AGS) cell line in vitro.
Materials and Methods : Adenocarcinoma gastric stomach cells obtained from Pasteur institute were cultured on RPMI-1640 medium and the effect of cerium lanthanide with 0.1, 1, 10, 100 (µM) concentration with and without transferrin in 24 h and 48 h incubation periods was investigated by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-Yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) assay.
Results : The results obtained from LDH assay showed that cerium without transferrin and cerium with transferrin decreased survival AGS cells significantly. Also results obtained from MTT assay showed that cerium without transferrin and cerium with transferrin decreased survival AGS cells significantly.
Conclusion : In our results cerium could induce the inhibition of cell growth but the percent of growth inhibition could be higher with presence of transferrin. Our results indicate that at a certain concentration, the cerium compounds could inhibit the growth of cancer cells.

Keywords

Cerium Cytotoxisity Transferrin Gastric cancer cells

© 2013, Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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