Sonographic Evaluation of Mean Carotid Intima-Media Thickness of Patients with Moderate to Severe Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

AUTHORS

Sharereh Sanei Sistani 1 , Mohammad Ali Elahifar 1 , saeed javadi nodehi 2 , * , Alireza Ansari-Moghaddam 3

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Department of Radiology, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran

2 Resident of Radiology, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran

3 Department of Epidemiology, Health Promotion Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: 15 (9); e92845
Published Online: May 20, 2013
Article Type: Research Article
Received: June 14, 2012
Revised: July 16, 2012
Accepted: August 24, 2012

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Abstract

Background : Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is a highly prevalent condition that is strongly associated with obesity, type II diabetes, and dyslipidemia. The purpose of this study is to investigate mean common carotid artery intima-media thickness as a marker of atherosclerosis in moderate to severe nonalcoholic fatty liver patients in comparison with control group.
Materials and Methods : In this study, the mean common carotid artery intima-media thickness (CCIMT) and other cardiovascular risk factors were measured in 39 nonalcoholic fatty liver patients and 39 control subjects. All were selected from general population in Zahedan. Then, the data were analyzed using χ2 and independent t-tests.
Results : The results showed that nonalcoholic fatty liver patients had significantly higher common carotid intima-media thickness, waist circumference, waist/hip ratio, body mass index, triglyceride, total cholesterol (p=0.001), ALT (p=0.04), ALP (p=0.048), compared with the control group.
Conclusion : Nonalcoholic fatty acid liver patients are at significantly higher risk for atherosclerosis and cardiovascular diseases. Therefore, all of these patients should be evaluated for common carotid intima-media thickness and other cardiovascular risk factors.

Keywords

Atherosclerosis Arterial intima Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease Cardiovascular diseases Metabolic syndrome X

© 2013, Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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