Abnormal Branching Pattern of the Axillary Artery

AUTHORS

Fereydoon Sargolzaei Aval 1 , * , Mohammad reza Arab 1

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Department of Anatomy, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: 15 (9); e92884
Published Online: January 09, 2013
Article Type: Case Report
Received: March 12, 2012
Revised: April 06, 2012
Accepted: June 19, 2012

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Abstract

Accurate knowledge of the normal and variant arterial pattern of the upper extremities is important for reparative surgeons. During dissection of a male cadaver, a common trunk taking origin from the third part of the axillary artery was observed. This common trunk at first gave rise to the usual branches of this part of the artery and then descended into the arm. In the arm, it gave rise to the main branches of the brachial artery and then continued as the inferior ulnar collateral artery. In this specimen, a rare pattern of auxiliary artery branching was observed. Numerous alternatives that exist during the formation of upper limb vessels seem to be responsible for anomalous arterial branching patterns.

Keywords

Upper extremity Axillary artery Variation

© 2013, Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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