Chemokines: Small Molecules Participate in Diabetes

AUTHORS

S. Mostafa Hosseini-Zijoud 1 , Javad Hosseini 2 , Gholamhossein Hasanshahi 1 , * , Mehdi Mahmoodi 2 , Mohsen Rezaeian 3

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Hamedan University of Medical Sciences, Hamedan, Iran

2 Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran

3 Department of Epidemiology, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: 15 (4); e92991
Published Online: November 05, 2012
Article Type: Review Article
Received: July 06, 2011
Accepted: September 21, 2011

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Abstract

Background : Chemokines are small protein molecules involved in cell signaling processes. They play a crucial role in many physiological and pathological processes. Chemokines are functionally classified into two categories inflammatory/inducible and constitutive. Their biologic functional differences are the result of their receptors structural differences. Recently some studies were performed about the chemokines changes in diabetes. Inflammatory mechanisms have an important role in diabetes.
Materials and Methods : In this review article we searched the keywords chemokines, diabetes, diabetes pathogenesis, and type 1 and 2 diabetes in Persian resources, PubMed and famous English-language websites through advanced search engines and found the newest studies about the role of chemokines in the pathogenesis of diabetes.
Results : The results of the studies showed that diabetes and its disorders enhance the activation of immune cells and the expression of cytokines such as IL-1, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, SDF-1, INF-γ, TGF-β, MCP-1, IP-10, TNF-α, and RANTES most of them have impact on the pathogenesis of diabetes.
Conclusion : Comparison and analysis of the results obtained from our research and the results of performed studies in the world and Iran shows that chemokines, like other protein molecules involved in the pathogenesis and etiology of diabetes, play a role in this process.

Keywords

Diabetes Diabetes pathogenesis Chemokine

© 2013, Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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