Association between Social and Demographic Factors with Feeding Methods in 3-6-Years-Old Children

AUTHORS

Maryam Gholamalizadeh 1 , Saeid Doaei 2 , * , Naser Kalantari 3 , Bahram Rashidkhani 4

1 Student’s research committee, Faculty of Nutrtion, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

2 Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health, North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Bojnurd, Iran

3 Department of Nutrition Sciences, National Nutrition and Food Technology Research Center, Faculty of Nutrition Sciences and Food Technology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

4 Department of Statistics, National Nutrition and Food Technology Research Center, Faculty of Nutrition Sciences and Food Technology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

How to Cite: Gholamalizadeh M, Doaei S, Kalantari N, Rashidkhani B. Association between Social and Demographic Factors with Feeding Methods in 3-6-Years-Old Children, Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2013 ; 15(3):e93073.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: 15 (3); e93073
Published Online: October 30, 2012
Article Type: Research Article
Received: June 18, 2011
Accepted: August 25, 2011

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Abstract

Background : Healthy Nutrition has an important role in childhood. Food habits of a child probably will continue to adulthood and increase the risk of many chronic diseases. Role of parents in child nutrition as a food producer and eating pattern has recognized to most important factor of child nutrition. Recent studies have shown that the methods used by parents to child feeding have an important role in the child’s diet and BMI. This paper aimed to investigate which parents use which types of parenting control practices to manage their children’s nutrition.
 Materials and Methods : A cross-sectional survey of 208 parents with children aged 3-6 years was carried out in 30 primary schools. Measures included demographic and social factors and aspects of child feeding practices.
Results : Results showed that stay at home mothers used more modeling practices. Mothers of sons used more pressure to eat than others. Older mothers used less pressure to eat. Mothers with higher BMI used more emotion regulation strategy and less modeling. And mothers with more education used more modeling.
Conclusion : The results showed a significant relationship between demographic and social factors with aspects of the feeding practices.

Keywords

Nutrition Social factors Demographic factors Preschool child

© 2013, Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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