Functional Treatment Comparing with Immobilization after Acute Ankle Sprain

AUTHORS

Hamidreza Mohammadi 1 , Hamireza Ghafarian-Shiraz 2 , Fateme Saniee 3 , Hamdollah Delaviz 4 , *

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Department of Orthopedics, Faculty of Medicine, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran

2 Department Epidemiology & Biostatistics, Faculty of health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Department in Physical Therapy, Yasouj Rehabilitation Center, Yasuj, Iran

4 Department of Anatomy, Cellular and Molecular Research Center, Yasouj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: 15 (2); e93091
Published Online: October 28, 2012
Article Type: Research Article
Received: September 19, 2011
Accepted: October 19, 2011

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Abstract

Background : Ankle injuries are among the most prevalent injuries with which a physician may encounter. In this study, the efficiency of the functional treatment was compared with the immobilization treatment in healing the acute ankle sprain.
Materials and Methods : This clinical trial study was carried out on 100 male patients whose ankle sprain had been diagnosed by Yasuj Shahid Beheshti Hospital. Using block allocation randomization method and regardless of damage degree, patients were divided into two groups, functional method (1st group) or immobilization with plaster (2nd group), for treatment. Several variables such as range of motion, pain intensity, inflammation, joint tenderness and returning to work after 2, 6 and 12 weeks were examined.
Results : After two weeks, the average pain intensity in the first group (33.2±3.2) has been decreased compared to the second group (55±1.2), which showed a significant difference between the two groups (p<0.05). The average ankle range of motion in the first and second groups was 29.08±1.2 degrees and 20.4±2.2 degrees, respectively which had been increased significantly in the first group compared to the second group (p<0.03). Similarly, a considerable difference was observed in decreased inflammation and tenderness in the first group compared to the second one.
Conclusion : In acute ankle sprains, the functional treatment is better than the immobilization treatment in alleviating pain, inflammation and improving the range of joint motion. 

Keywords

Ankle Acute Functional Treatment Immobilization Injury

© 2013, Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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