The Influence of Nine-Week Intensive Aerobic Exercises, Calcium and Vitamin D Supplementation on the Metabolic Response of Bone Formation Biomarkers

AUTHORS

Bakhtyar Tartibian 1 , Narmin Motabsaee 1 , Javad Tolouei-Azar 2 , *

1 Department of Exercise Physiology, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran

2 Department of Exercise Physiology, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran

How to Cite: Tartibian B, Motabsaee N, Tolouei-Azar J. The Influence of Nine-Week Intensive Aerobic Exercises, Calcium and Vitamin D Supplementation on the Metabolic Response of Bone Formation Biomarkers, Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2013 ; 15(2):e93098.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: 15 (2); e93098
Published Online: October 28, 2012
Article Type: Research Article
Received: April 23, 2011
Accepted: June 08, 2011

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Abstract

Background : The purpose of the study is to analyze the impact of 9-week intensive aerobic exercises and the calcium and vitamin D supplement intake on the indicators which show bone formation in young women.
Materials and Methods : 44 non-athletic women in their thirties (27.18±3.65) were studied randomly in four groups: 1) Exercise, 2) Calcium and vitamin D supplement, 3) Exercise and supplement, and 4) control. The subjects exercised three sessions a week for 9 weeks, each session lasted 30-45 minutes. The blood and urinary samples were collected from the experimental and control groups while they fasted either before or after exercise program. The concentration of alkaline phosphates and procollagen I, C terminal (PICP) had been measured using DGKC and HPLC techniques, respectively. The collected data had been combined with the statistical t-tests and were analyzed by ANCOVA (p<0.05).
Results : Significant increasing of ALP and PICP was observed in exercise group (p=0.001) and exercise + supplement group (p=0.001). In supplement group, alkaline phosphate and procollagen type 1, C-terminal show a significant decrease (p=0.001), while the difference was not significant in the control group.
Conclusion : Generally, the research results show that the intensive aerobic exercise and adequate intake of calcium and vitamin D affect positively the bone mass development during youth and they reduce fracture risk however, such claim needs further investigations.

Keywords

Calcium and vitamin D supplement Procollagen type 1 C-terminal propeptide Alkaline phosphatase Intensive aerobic exercises

© 2013, Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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