Periodontal Status in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease

AUTHORS

Mohammad Ayub Rigi-Ladiz 1 , Mohammad H. Rahmani 2 , Sirous Risbaf 3 , Leila Farhad-Molashahi 4 , * , Abdolmajid Safarzaie 5

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Department of Periodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran

2 Department of Cardiology, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran

3 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran

4 Department of Oral Medicine, Faculty of Dentistry, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran

5 Dentist, Zabol University of Medical Sciences, Zabol, Iran

How to Cite: Rigi-Ladiz M A, H. Rahmani M, Risbaf S, Farhad-Molashahi L , Safarzaie A. Periodontal Status in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease, Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2013 ; 15(1):e93138.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: 15 (1); e93138
Published Online: April 09, 2012
Article Type: Research Article
Received: October 18, 2011
Accepted: November 22, 2019

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Abstract

Background : Regarding the negative effects of inflammatory disease including periodontal infections on cardiovascular diseases, this study was carried out in order to investigate the periodontal status of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) referring to two hospitals in Zahedan.
Materials and Methods : In this study, 100 patients with CAD who referred to Khatam-al-Anbia and Imam Ali Hospitals in Zahedan were examined. After clinical examination, periodontal parameters PD (probing depth), AL (attachment level), PI (plaque index), and GR (gingival recession) were determined. Preparing the radiography, the average percentage of bone resorption overall the mouth was measured and registered. The results were analyzed using SPSS-17.
Results : Plaque accumulation in 92% of the subjects of study was more than 10%. Pocket depth in the patients was as follows: 18% of the patients had less than 2 mm PD 13% of them 2-2.99 mm 43% with 3-45.99 mm PD and 26% of them had deep pocket (> 5 mm). In relation to attachment loss, the results were as follows: in 9% of the patients 1-2 mm 41% of them 3-4 mm, and for 50% of the patients AL was more than 5 mm. the average of gingival recession in the subjects was 3.31±1.9. Considering bone resorption, 6.7% of the people had less than 20% resorption, 46.7% had 20-39% resorption and in 46.7% of them, resorption was 40-60%.
Conclusion : In this study, affliction to periodontal diseases was said to be the cause of Coronary Artery Disease.

Keywords

Periodontal diseases Coronary artery disease Periodontal parameters

© 2013, Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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