Hookah Smoking and Associated Factors in Rural Region of Hormozgan, Iran

AUTHORS

Amin Ghanbarnejad 1 , * , Teamur Aghamolaei 1 , Hamid Reza Ghafari 2 , Hava Daryafti 1

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Department of Public Health, health promotion Research Center, Faculty of Health, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar-e-Abbas, Iran

2 Department of Environmental Health, Faculty of Health, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar-e-Abbas, Iran

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: 14 (9); e93239
Published Online: October 16, 2012
Article Type: Short Communication
Received: October 31, 2011
Accepted: November 23, 2011

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Abstract

Background : Smoking hookah is a traditional method of tobacco smoking which is common in Middle East and Arabic countries. The Hormozgan province is in the second rank of hookah use after Bushehr in Iran. This research is seeking to study the factors affecting hookah smoking in a sample of rural community of the Hormozgan province.
Materials and Methods : From the total population of the Hormozgan province villages, 310 residents were selected through multistage sampling. The data were analyzed in a logistic regression model.
Results : The prevalence of hookah smoking was 36.5% 28.4% in men and 45.16% in women. Marital Status and Job are associated with Hookah smoking (p<0.05), age (OR=1.04), gender (OR=4.43), cigarette smoking (OR=5.16), having a hookah smoker in the family (OR=1.9), and education (OR=0.34) were effective in hookah smoking.
Conclusion : Considering the high prevalence of hookah smoking, appropriate educational programs should be designed in order to qualitatively study the reasons of region’s people tendency toward the hookah.

Keywords

Hookah (waterpipe) Logistic regression Rural population

© 2012, Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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