The Prevalence of Symptoms of Asthma and Allergic Diseases through ISSAC Method in Teenagers

AUTHORS

Jafar Hassanzadeh 1 , Fatemeh Basiri 2 , Abolfazl Mohammadbeigi 3 , *

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Department of Health and Nutrition, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

2 General Physician, MPH, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

3 Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Health, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: 14 (4); e93475
Published Online: July 27, 2011
Article Type: Research Article
Received: January 17, 2011
Accepted: February 15, 2011

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Abstract

Background: Asthma is the most important chronic disease in children and one of the causes of school absenteeism, which is getting more prevalent by the increase of environmental pollutants and industrial life. This study was planned and performed to estimate the prevalence of asthma and other allergic diseases.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2009 on 3000 female and male students of first grade of guidance school, who were selected by multistage sampling. Data were collected by standard questionnaire and after data collection and entering ISSAC SPSS software the prevalence of asthma and allergic diseases was estimated. Statistical analysis was performed using χ2 statistical test at significance level of 0.05.
Results: Prevalence of asthma, hives, eczema and atopic disease was respectively 3.8 percent, 10.4%, 18.3% and 42%. Prevalence of hives, eczema, atopic disease, watery eyes and wheezing after exercise in both genders showed a statistically significant difference (p <0.05), but asthma, hay fever, speaking difficulty, runny nose and dry cough in both genders had no significant difference (p>0.05)
Conclusion: The results of this study indicated that although the prevalence of asthma in Shirazi children is less than some other cities, the increased development of disease in recent years will be a threatening risk and this phenomenon requires serious attention and planning by authorities as well as health policymakers.

Keywords

Asthma Rhinitis Allergic Diseases Eczema Child

© 2012, Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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