Evaluation oral hygiene index in the 12-years-old students

AUTHORS

Masoomeh Shirzaii 1 , * , Maryam Ghanbariha 2

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Assistant professor of Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Zahedan, Iran.

2 Assistant professor of Oral pathology, School of Dentistry, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Zahedan, Iran.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: 13 (5); e93914
Published Online: May 26, 2010
Article Type: Research Article
Received: September 26, 2009
Accepted: December 12, 2009

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Abstract

Background: Periodontal disease and dental caries are one of the most important factors of tooth loss and the most common oral health problem, therefore the present study was performed to assess oral hygiene index in the 12-years-old students in Zahedan city.

Material and Method: In this descriptive-analytical study, Zahedan city (2009) was divided based on socio-economical situation in to two areas and 10 school (boys & girls school) from each area, and 47 students from each school, were selected randomly. Oral hygiene status of 942 12-years-old male and female students was assessed with OHI-S index. Data were analyzed by SPSS software version-15 (t-test and chi-square). 

 Results: The mean OHI-S was 1.43±0.72 and 44.7% persons had well OHI-S, 50.3% had medium OHI-S and 5% had poor OHI-S. The mean OHI-S was 1.42 in boys and 1.44 in girls. Correlation between OHI-S with father occupation (p=0.03) and sequences of tooth brushing (p=0.001) was significant.

 Conclusion: Oral hygiene status of studied students was in the middle and people who brushes their teeth more time, had higher OHI-S indices.

Keywords

Oral hygiene index tooth brushing behavior

© 2011, Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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