Comparison of Digital and Conventional Radiography In Evaluating Horizontal Alveolar Bone Loss

AUTHORS

Nafise ShamlouMahmoudi 1 , Yaser Safi 2 , * , Hossein Ansari 3 , Safoora Afshari 4

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Student of oral pathology, Faculty of Dentistry, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Isfahan, Iran

2 Assistant Prof of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Dept of Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Zahedan, Iran

3 MSc, Dept of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Faculty of Health, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Zahedan, Iran

4 Dentist

How to Cite: ShamlouMahmoudi N, Safi Y, Ansari H, Afshari S. Comparison of Digital and Conventional Radiography In Evaluating Horizontal Alveolar Bone Loss, Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2009 ; 11(2):e94407.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: 11 (2); e94407
Published Online: July 28, 2009
Article Type: Research Article
Received: July 26, 2008
Accepted: February 28, 2009

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Abstract

Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the efficacy of digital and
conventional radiographic methods in diagnosis of horizontal alveolar bone loss.
Materials and Methods: In this diagnostic study 48 radiographs of 104 teeth with periodontal
disease that exhibited horizontal alveolar bone loss were obtained by digital and conventional
radiography technique in Zahedan faculty of dentistry in 2007. The depth of intrabony defects was
determined by linear measurement analysis of radiovisiography (RVG) and coolis. The distance
from cemento enamel junction (CEJ) to the alveolar crest was assessed intra-surgically. The
comparison between RVG measurement, conventional radiographic measurements and intrasurgical
estimates were performed using paired t-test and P<0.05 was considered statistically
significant.
Results: The distance between CEJ and alveolar crest by RVG method was 3.53±1.47 mm while it
was 3.56±1.58 mm by intrasurgical method and 2.9±1.47 by conventional radiography. No
statistically significant difference was seen between digital radiographic and intra-surgical
measurements (P=0.42). The difference between digital and conventional radiographic
measurements was statistically significant (p=0.001).
Conclusion: This study showed that the result of digital radiographic measurement was closer to
the intra-surgical gold standard. Digital radiographic method was more sensitive than
conventional radiography to detect horizontal alveolar bone loss. That’s why we recommend digital
imaging as a more useful method than conventional radiography for evaluating the horizontal
alveolar bone loss.

Keywords

Digital radiography Conventional radiography Horizontal Alveolar bone loss

© 2009, Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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