The Association between Cigarette Smoking and Acne Intensity

AUTHORS

Ramin Taheri 1 , * , Mohammad Nasaji 2 , Raheb Ghorbani 3 , Zahra Mohmmadi 4

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Assistant Prof, Dept of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine, Semnan University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Semnan, Iran.

2 Assistant Prof, Dept of Infectious Disease, Faculty of Medicine, Semnan University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Semnan, Ian.

3 Associate Prof of Biostatistics, Dept of Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Semnan University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Semnan, Iran.

4 General Practitioner

How to Cite: Taheri R, Nasaji M, Ghorbani R, Mohmmadi Z. The Association between Cigarette Smoking and Acne Intensity, Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2009 ; 11(2):e94409.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: 11 (2); e94409
Published Online: July 13, 2009
Article Type: Research Article
Received: June 28, 2008
Accepted: June 10, 2009

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Abstract

Background: Acne vulgaris is a common chronic inflammatory disease of pilosebaceous unit.
Different factors have been suggested to influence acne including diet, menstruation and
occupation. The role of some of these factors on acne intensity is confirmed. The affect of Cigarette
smoking on acne intensity has been suggested. In this research, we evaluated the association
between cigarette smoking and the acne intensity.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on 278 smoker and 277non
smoker males referred to dermatology clinics of Semnan during 2006-2007. The dermatologists
interviewing the patients completed questionnaires based on clinical diagnosis and intensity of
acne. Data analysis was performed using t-test, Mann-Whitney, Chi-square and Spearman
coefficient tests. P-value less than 0.05 were considered significant.
Results: Severe acne was observed in 16.6% of non-smokers and 22.7% of smokers. Distribution
of acne intensity in both groups was significant (P=0.023). Association between duration of
cigarette smoking and acne intensity was significant too (P<0.001). The association between
dosage of cigarette smoking and acne intensity was also significant (P<0.001).
Conclusion: Significant association between cigarette smoking and acne intensity showed that
smoking withdrawal is helpful for reducing the acne intensity.

Keywords

Acne Acne intensity Cigarette smoking Smoking duration

© 2009, Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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