Effect of Radiation Leakage of Microwave Oven on Hematological Parameters of Rat at Pre and Post Pubertal Stage

AUTHORS

gholamali jelodar 1 , * , Yadollah Zare 2 , Maryam Ansari 3 , Saeid Nazifi 4

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Dept of Physiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran

2 Dept of Nursing, Faculty of Nursery and Midwifery, Azad University of Estahban University, Estahban, Iran

3 Dept of Hygiene, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran

4 Dept of Clinical Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran

How to Cite: jelodar G, Zare Y, Ansari M, Nazifi S. Effect of Radiation Leakage of Microwave Oven on Hematological Parameters of Rat at Pre and Post Pubertal Stage, Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2008 ; 10(4):e94507.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: 10 (4); e94507
Published Online: December 12, 2008
Article Type: Research Article
Received: July 25, 2008
Accepted: November 22, 2008

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Abstract

Background: High frequency waves are widely used in telecommunication and cooking. The
biological effects of microwaves are in great attention. It is supposed that microwaves may increase
the risk of hematological problems and the age at exposure may play an important role in this
process. In this study, we evaluated the hematological parameters in rats by exposing them to
microwave radiation at pre and post pubertal stages.
Materials and Methods: In this study, 18 adult (2 months old) and 18 immature (1 month old)
male rats were involved and each group was randomly divided into two groups; the test and the
control group. The rats in the test group were exposed to 2450 MHz microwaves produced by a
microwave oven three times a day for 30 minutes at each time. Control groups were kept in
laboratory at the same temperature and light condition. After 60 days, blood samples were taken by
heart puncture and hematological parameters including Hb, MCHC, MCV, RBC and WBC counts
and total number of platelets were measured. The means of hematological parameters were
compared by T-test and P<0/05 considered to be was significant.
Results: The results showed a significant decrease in Hb, MCHC, WBC and lymphocyte count in
immature group compare to control group; while MCV, RBC and platelet count increased
(P<0.05). The RBC count increased significantly in mature group compare to control group
(P<0.05).
Conclusion: Exposure to microwaves leakage of microwave oven significantly affected
hematological parameters in immature rats while changes in matures was limited to RBC count.
This effect maybe due to direct effect of microwaves on bone marrow or peripheral blood cells.

Keywords

Microwaves Hematological Parameters Microware oven

© 2008, Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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