Efficacy of Venlafaxine and Methylphenidate in the Treatment of Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

AUTHORS

Mahboubeh Firoozkoohi 1 , fariba Arabgol 2 , * , Sepideh Rajezi 3 , j Shams 4

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Dept of Psychology, Faculty of Medicine, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Zahedan, Iran.

2 Behavior Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Teharn, Iran.

3 Dept of Psychology, Faculty of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Teharn, Iran.

4 Neurology Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Teharn, Iran.

How to Cite: Firoozkoohi M, Arabgol F, Rajezi S, Shams J. Efficacy of Venlafaxine and Methylphenidate in the Treatment of Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder , Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2008 ; 10(2):e94541.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: 10 (2); e94541
Published Online: June 26, 2008
Article Type: Research Article
Received: May 23, 2008
Accepted: June 24, 2008

Crossmark

CHEKING

READ FULL TEXT
Abstract

Background: The role of noradrenergic system is strongly considered in etiology and treatment
of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Regarding the role of norepinephrin and
serotonin neurotransmitters in activity and attention control processes, this study was performed to
compare effectiveness of venlafaxine and methylphenidate in the treatment of ADHD.
Materials and Methods: Forty children with ADHD (aged 6-12) were randomly allocated to
receive venlafaxine or methylphenidate in a 6-week clinical trial in Emam-Hossein Hospital. There
were no significant differences between groups for age, weight, type and severity of the disorder.
Based on DSM-IV criteria and ADHD Rating Scale, patients were diagnosed as having combined
and inattentive types of ADHD. Treatment outcome was assessed using parent and teacher versions
of ADHD Rating Scale in weeks 2, 4 and 6.
Results: There was a statistically significant decrease in ADHD Rating Scale scores and clinical
improvement in each group and there was significant difference between two groups. The most
common adverse effects in venlafaxine group were nausea, sedation, dry mouth and dizziness.
Conclusion: Venlafaxine is effective in treatment of children with ADHD and could be used as a
safe drug in these children; though further studies with greater sample sizes are needed to confirm
these results.

Keywords

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder children venlafaxine methylphenidate.

© 2008, Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

Fulltext

The full text of this article is available on the PDF file.

References

  • 1. The References of this article are available on the PDF file.
  • COMMENTS

    LEAVE A COMMENT HERE: