The Comparison of Attentional Bias and Difficulty of Emotional States Regulation and Their Correlation with Craving Severity in Drug Abuser Methamphetamines and Crack

AUTHORS

Raheleh Haghiaght 1 , Nezamaddin Ghasemi 1 , * , Mehdi Rabiei 2 , Asghar Zerehposh 2 , Ahmadreza Kiani 3

2 Department of Psychology, Faculty of Education and Psychology, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran

2 Department of Clinical Psychology, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Counseling, Faculty of Education a nd Psychology, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran

How to Cite: Haghiaght R, Ghasemi N , Rabiei M, Zerehposh A, Kiani A. The Comparison of Attentional Bias and Difficulty of Emotional States Regulation and Their Correlation with Craving Severity in Drug Abuser Methamphetamines and Crack, Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2014 ; 16(10(suppl)):-.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: 16 (10(suppl))
Published Online: May 19, 2013
Article Type: Research Article
Received: February 08, 2013
Accepted: April 09, 2013

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Abstract

Background: Today, within creased substance, type of substance used has changed. Therefore, drug abuse in population of crack to the stimulant drugs (amphetamine) particularly crystal is expanding and increasing. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was the comparison of attentional bias and difficulty of emotional states regulation and their correlation with craving severity in drug abuser methamphetamines and crack.

Materials and Methods: Type of research was descriptive analytical correlation. Population was total of users with methamphetamines and crack in summer and fall 2011 at the city of Isfahan, and 34 users with crystal with daily at least one year were selected on the basis of the snow ball sampling and 31 users with crack with daily at least one year were selected on the basis of the sample sampling. The difficulties emotion regulation scale (DERS), Stroop test and OCDUS were used as the outcome measures. For findings used of descriptive statistics and multivariate analysis of covariance (MANCOVA) and regression analysis were used.

Results: The results of analysis of variance showed that between drug abuser crystal and crack significantly differed of attentional bias and difficulty of emotional states regulation. The greatest differences to components of a lack of transparency, lack of emotional awareness, limit emotional states regulation strategies and of emotional responses. But, only the variable non-acceptance negative emotional of subscale of the difficulty of emotional states regulation was able to craving (as an important indicator of durable use substance) in of both crack and crystal predicted. This variable is only 13% of the variance craving in drug abuser crack and crystal can be explained. Other findings showed that although there is no difference between the two groups in the intensity of craving, but attentional bias among drug abuser crack and crystal was a significant difference.

Conclusions: Overall, can be said the difference in difficulty of emotional states regulation, attentional bias and craving among abusers of amphetamines (crystal) substance opiate (crack), two groups of abusers requires different approaches to interventions.

Keywords

Attentional Bias Craving Methamphetamines Crack

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