Prevalence of Inguinal Hernias and Genital Abnormalities among Elementary - School Boys

AUTHORS

Shahram Gooran 1 , Faramarz Fazeli 2 , Majid Asghari - Sheikhi 3 , Arash Askari - N ooghan 4 , Alireza Dashipour 5 , Mohsen ajabnia-Chenari 6 , *

1 Department of Urology , Research Center of Urology , Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Urology, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran

3 epartment of Dermatology, Tehran University of Medical Sciencess , Tehran, Tehran, Iran

4 General P hysician, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran

5 Department of Nutrition and Food Science, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran

6 Medical Student, Member of Students Research Committee of Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran

How to Cite: Gooran S, Fazeli F, Asghari - Sheikhi M, Askari - N ooghan A, Dashipour A , et al. Prevalence of Inguinal Hernias and Genital Abnormalities among Elementary - School Boys , Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2013 ; 16(1):28-31.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: 16 (1); 28-31
Published Online: March 12, 2013
Article Type: Research Article
Received: November 17, 2012
Accepted: January 02, 2013

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Abstract

Background: Penoscrotal diseases and inguinal hernia are abnormalities that are often not diagnosed in childhood because most parents do not know the normal anatomy of this region. We designed a cross-sectional study in order to determine the prevalence of inguinal hernia and penoscrotal abnormalities in the elementary school boys in Zahedan city.

Patients and Methods: We studied 3100 elementary-school boys, aged 7-12 years, who underwent clinical examination of the groin and genitalia in 2008.

Results: Abnormalities were detected in 167 children (5.38%).The most frequent anomaly was indirect inguinal hernia, seen in 81 children (2.6%). The other abnormalities were undescended testis in 39 boys (1.2%), hydrocele in 25 boys (0.8%), hypospadiasis in 11 boys (0.3%), epispadiasis in 1 boy (0.03%), varicoceles in 3 boys (0.09%) and micropenis in 7 boys (0.2%).

Conclusions: Since these abnormalities are most common disorder in children, education of the public and medical staff about these abnormalities and screening system are needed to improve the outcome.

Keywords

Genital Abnormalities Inguinal hernia Prevalence

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