Effect of Participation in Aerobic Dancing Classes on Psychological Well-Being of Male Students

AUTHORS

Kamal Esalat-Manesh 1 , * , Hassan Mohammadzade 2 , Ahmad Farokhi 3 , Reza Ghasemnejad 4

1 Department of Physical Education, Physical Education Office, Ministry of Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Motor Behavior, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sceinces, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran

3 Department of Physical Education, Faculty of Physical E ducation and Sport Sciences, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran

4 Department of Sport Management, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sceinces, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran

How to Cite: Esalat-Manesh K , Mohammadzade H, Farokhi A, Ghasemnejad R. Effect of Participation in Aerobic Dancing Classes on Psychological Well-Being of Male Students, Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2014 ; 16(9):-.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: 16 (9)
Published Online: May 29, 2013
Article Type: Research Article
Received: April 23, 2012
Accepted: May 16, 2012

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Abstract

Background: In the recent decades, the positive psychology considered as an ability of human being which are provided appropriate studies in well-being and happiness domains. In this way, the purpose of current research was to identify the effect of aerobic dancing on psychological well-being of non-athletic male students.

Materials and Methods: The research method was of a quasi-experimental nature in the form of a time-series design using experimental and control groups. 40 non-athlete students (21.6±1.82 years old) from General physical Education 1 course in Birjand University were randomly selected and assign to two groups. The Ryff's scales of psychological well-being were used to analyze the psychological well-being parameters in the pre-test and post-test of training. The training protocol was including 12 weeks, and 3 seasons (60 minutes) per week that each subject in experimental group received 15 minutes warm-up, 30 minute aerobic training and 15 minutes cool-down and relaxation training.

Results: The results of repeated measure analysis of variance indicated significant differences in psychological well-being and its subdivisions in the 3 phases of tests in the experimental group (p<0.01). Moreover, the results of t-test showed the positive influence of 12 weeks aerobic training on psychological well-being of the student boys (first post-test, p<0.001; second post-test, p<0.001), and well-being scores of aerobic group was higher than control group.

Conclusion: The result of the present research emphasizes the factors affecting on psychological well-being as well as its ways to promote of well-being. Implications of these findings are discussed among exercise psychologists.

Keywords

Positive Psychology Psychological Well-Being Purpose in Life Self-Acceptance Aerobic Dancing

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