Evaluation of Panoramic Radiography at Showing Width of the Dental Follicle

AUTHORS

S. Kamal Seyedmajidi 1 , Sina Haghanifar 2 , Mohammad Mehdizadeh 3 , Maryam Seyedmajidi 4 , * , Ali Bijani 5 , Nafiseh Ghasemi 6

1 Department of Materials Engineering, Faculty of Mechanic Engineering, Babol University of Technology, Babol, Iran

2 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran

3 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran

4 Dental Materials Research Center, Faculty of Dentistry, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran

5 Non-Communicable Pediatrics Diseases Research Center, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran

6 Students Research Committee, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran

How to Cite: Seyedmajidi S K, Haghanifar S, Mehdizadeh M, Seyedmajidi M , Bijani A, et al. Evaluation of Panoramic Radiography at Showing Width of the Dental Follicle, Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2014 ; 16(7):-.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: 16 (7)
Published Online: April 29, 2014
Article Type: Research Article
Received: March 14, 2015
Accepted: March 08, 2014

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Abstract

Background: Considering probable incidence of pathological changes in the follicles of impacted teeth, this study is conducted to evaluate pericoronal radiolucency of impacted third molars.

Patients and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, widths of follicular spaces of 201 impacted third molars were measured on panoramic radiographs. Under local anesthesia, the teeth along with the dental follicles were surgically removed. After routine procedure, they histopathological were examined.

Results: After evaluating 201 dental follicles it was observed that, 50.7% of cases (102 cases) showed pathological changes and all of them were dentigerous cysts. Incidence of cystic changes in the follicles of third molars of patients aged 21 years and above, is 1.465 times more than patients who were under 21 years old. Also in dental follicles of lower third molars, the incidence of pathological changes was 1.957 times more than maxilla. Cystic changes in the evaluation of follicular widths up to 1.5 mm, was observed in 48% of cases, up to 2 mm, in 73.5% of cases, up to 2.5 mm, in 87.2% of cases and up to 3 mm, in 92.1% of cases.

Conclusions: It seems that occurrence of cystic changes in dental follicles increases with increase in age and width of follicular space. However, considering the high incidence of cystic changes in pericoronal radiolucency around the impacted third molars, this study supports the prophylactic removal of impacted third molars.

Keywords

Impacted Tooth Dentigerous Cyst Dental Follicle Panoramic Radiography

© 0, Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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