The Effect of Acute Sub-Maximal Endurance Exercise on Serum Angiogenic Indices in Sedentary Men

AUTHORS

Meysam Gholamal 1 , Maryam Nourshah 2 , Kamal Ranjbar 3 , *

1 Department of Sport Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Bou - Ali University, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Sport Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Bou-Ali University, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Sport Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Bou- Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran

How to Cite: Gholamal M, Nourshah M, Ranjbar K . The Effect of Acute Sub-Maximal Endurance Exercise on Serum Angiogenic Indices in Sedentary Men, Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2014 ; 16(6):-.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: 16 (6)
Published Online: February 24, 2013
Article Type: Research Article
Received: February 23, 2012
Accepted: April 10, 2012

Crossmark

CHEKING

READ FULL TEXT
Abstract

Background: Endurance training increases capillary density of skeletal muscle, but the molecular mechanism of this process is not yet clear. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of acute sub maximal endurance exercise on serum levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and matrix metaloproteinases 2 and 9 (MMP-2 and MMP-9) in sedentary men.

Materials and Methods: Twelve healthy men (22.37±2.30 years, BMI=23.16± 2.61 kg/m2) participated in this study. Subjects exercised for 1h at 70% of VO2 max, 3 days after the VO2 max determination. Antecubital vein blood was collected at rest, immediately and 2 h after the exercise. Serum VEGF, MMP-2 and MMP-9 were measured by ELISA methods.

Results: Serum levels of VEGF and MMP-2 decreased immediately after the exercise. Two hours after the exercise, serum levels of VEGF remained at a lower level but serum MMP-2 returned to its basal level. Also, serum levels of MMP-9 did not change significantly in response to exercise.

Conclusion: Acute sub-maximal endurance exercise decreased the main factors involved in development of capillary density in sedentary men. This might to due to the fact that, sub maximal exercise could not provide the two main stimulating factors of angiogenesis, i.e. Shear stress and hypoxia. It could also be explained by the fact that the mechanism of development of capillary network following regular endurance training is different from that following an acute exercise.

Keywords

Angiogenesis VEGF Matrix Metalloproteinase Endurance Exercise

© 0, Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

Fulltext

Fulltext is availale in the PDF.

References

  • 1.

    Refrences are available in PDF.

  • COMMENTS

    LEAVE A COMMENT HERE: