Evaluation of Antifungal Activity of Methanol Extract of Acacia (Anagalis Arvensis) Leaves and Nystatin against Candida Albicans in Vitro

AUTHORS

Mohammad Reza Majid Khoshkholgh-Pahlaviani 1 , * , Ali Reza Massiha 2 , Khosro Issazadeh 3 , Siroos Bidarigh 4 , Masoud Giahi 5 , Maryam Ramtin 6

1 Department of Clinical Bacteriology, Faculty of Basic Sciences, Islamic Azad University of Lahijan Branch, Lahijan, Iran

2 Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Basic Sciences, Islamic Azad University of Lahijan Branch, Lahijan, Iran

3 Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Basic Sciences, Islamic Azad University of Lahijan Branch, Lahijan, Iran

4 Department of Agriculture, Faculty of Natural Resource, Islamic Azad University of Lahijan Branch, Lahijan, Iran

5 Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Basic Sciences, Islamic Azad University of Lahijan Branch, Lahijan, Iran

6 Department of Microbiology, Member of Young Researchers Club, Islamic Azad University of Lahijan, Lahijan, Iran

How to Cite: Majid Khoshkholgh-Pahlaviani M R , Massiha A R, Issazadeh K, Bidarigh S, Giahi M, et al. Evaluation of Antifungal Activity of Methanol Extract of Acacia (Anagalis Arvensis) Leaves and Nystatin against Candida Albicans in Vitro, Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2013 ; 15(8):e92906.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: 15 (8); e92906
Published Online: December 30, 2012
Article Type: Research Article
Received: April 20, 2011
Revised: June 13, 2011
Accepted: September 07, 2011

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Abstract

Background: Anagalis is the name of Scarlet Pimpernel, with about 20 to 25 species of flowering plants in the family Myrsinaceae. The common variety (A. arvensis) is a low-growing annual plant found in Europe, Asia and North America. In this Investigation, the inhibitory effects of methanol extract of Anagalis arvensis leaves and drug nystatin on clinical isolates and standard strain of Candida albicans (14053 PTCC) isolated from patients with vulvovaginal candidiasis were studied.
Materials and Methods: In the laboratory study of 45 clinical isolates of Candida albicans was used and inhibitory effects of the extract were evaluated using by serial dilution Method. Chemical compounds of A. arvensis extract including alkaloids, glycosides, phenolic compounds, Terpenoids and amino acids were identified
Results: The results showed that the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) nystatin against clinical isolates and standard strain of Candida albicans were similar and drug nystatin revealed the better MIC against standard strain and clinical isolates of C. albicans. Methanol extract of A. arvensis were inhibitory on standard strain and clinical isolates of C. albicans. The minimum inhibitory concentration of extract in comparison with the drug nystatin was less while the composition of the growth inhibitory concentration was greater than drug solely
.
Conclusion: This study indicated that the antimicrobial activity of this plant extract was considerable compared to drug nystatin and it demonstrate a basis for further research to isolate the active components in a variety of microbial strains
.
.

Keywords

Nystatin Extract Anagalis arvensis Candida albicans Minimum inhibitory concentration

© 2013, Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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