Diagnostic accuracy of Alvarado score in the diagnosis of acute appendicitis

AUTHORS

Behrooz Hooshmand 1 , Afshin Shokouh-Saremi 2 , Alireza Noferesti 2 , Mohammad Ali Yaghobi 3 , * , Armin Elahifar 3

1 Assistant Professor of Surgery, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad Branch, Mashhad, Iran.

2 General Physician, Mashhad, Iran.

3 Resident of Internal Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Siences, Mashhad, Iran.

How to Cite: Hooshmand B, Shokouh-Saremi A, Noferesti A, Yaghobi M A, Elahifar A. Diagnostic accuracy of Alvarado score in the diagnosis of acute appendicitis , Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2012 ; 13(8):e93767.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: 13 (8); e93767
Published Online: May 20, 2011
Article Type: Research Article
Received: October 20, 2010
Accepted: November 23, 2010

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Abstract

Background: Acute appendicitis is one of the commonest surgical emergencies. There are different scoring systems in use to diagnose the appendicitis. The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic accuracy of Alvarado scoring system in clinical practice for acute appendicitis.

Materials and Method: This medical diagnostic-test study was performed from January 2009 till September 2010 in surgery clinic of Farabi hospital, Mashhad. For all patients, Alvarado score has been determinate preoperatively and intraoperative finding and histopatological examination of the removed appendix confirmed diagnosis.

Results: The study was conducted among 150 patients (63% male, 37% female). Specificity was 68 %, whereas sensitivity was 74.8%. The negative appendectomy rate was 5.7% with score 7 or more Alvarado score. The positive predictive value was 98.1%. The accuracy rate was 74%. The cut-off score was 7.

Conclusions: In the diagnosis of acute appendicitis Alvarado score has a high diagnostic value (74%). Alvarado score increases the diagnostic certainty of clinical examination in diagnosis of acute appendicitis.

Keywords

Alvarado score acute appendicitis appendectomy

© 2012, Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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