The effect of pulmonary rehabilitation program on quality of life of elderly patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

AUTHORS

Neda Mirbagher-Ajorpaz 1 , * , Mahbubeh Rezaei 2

1 MSc of Nursing, Kashan University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Kashan, Iran.

2 Student, Nursing PhD, Iran University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Tehran, Iran.

How to Cite: Mirbagher-Ajorpaz N, Rezaei M. The effect of pulmonary rehabilitation program on quality of life of elderly patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2011 ; 13(1):e94086.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: 13 (1); e94086
Published Online: January 20, 2011
Article Type: Research Article
Received: January 16, 2010
Accepted: July 21, 2010

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Abstract

  Background : Considering the prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and its well-known complications different studies indicate the success of rehabilitation techniques to improve quality of life for those patients. The present study was conducted to determine the effect of the implementation of pulmonary rehabilitation techniques on quality of life in patients with COPD.

  Materials and Method: This quasi-experimental research was performed in the selected teaching hospitals in Isfahan on 80 elderly patients with COPD with moderate intensity during their 85-86 years. The patients divided randomly into two groups (40 patients in case group and 40 patients in control group). The disease severity was evaluated based on spirometry results. Data were collected by using quality of life questionnaire (SF-12). First, the quality of life of patients in both groups was evaluated by SF-12 and then the 20 minutes pulmonary rehabilitation programs in the case group were performed every morning and evening for two months. At the end of two months, the qualities of life in both groups were measured again. The results were analyzed using SPSS-10 software.

  Results : The results showed that there is a significant direct relationship between some demographic characteristics and their quality of life score (p=0.03). Pulmonary rehabilitation program enhanced the quality of life in those patients ( p =0.01) .

  Conclusion : Regarding these findings, it should be consider that demographic characteristics of patients and their rehabilitation programs should be included the pulmonary rehabilitation program to improve quality of life.

Keywords

Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases rehabilitation quality of life physiotherapy spirometry

© 2011, Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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