Molecular Basis of Inherited Factor XIII- A Deficiency among Patients from Sistan - Baluchestan

AUTHORS

gholamhossein tamaddon 1 , * , Ahmad Kazemi 2 , Ghasem Rastgarlari 3 , Fereidoon Ala 4 , Shabnam Hejazi 4

1 MSc of Hematology‚ Dept of Laboratory Sciences, Faculty of Paramedical Sciences, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Zahedan, Iran.

2 Associate Prof, Dept of Hematology, Faculty of Paramedical Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Tehran, Iran.

3 Assistant Prof, Dept of Hematology, Faculty of Paramedical Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Tehran, Iran.

4 Clinic of Hemophilia, Tehran, Iran.

How to Cite: tamaddon G, Kazemi A, Rastgarlari G, Ala F, Hejazi S. Molecular Basis of Inherited Factor XIII- A Deficiency among Patients from Sistan - Baluchestan , Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2010 ; 11(4):e94357.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: 11 (4); e94357
Published Online: November 19, 2009
Article Type: Research Article
Received: March 03, 2009
Accepted: September 30, 2009

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Abstract

Background : Factor ХШ, the last zymogene in the clotting cascade, converts the loose fibrin polymer into a firm polymer. In the absence of factor ХШ the abnormal fibrin is soluble in acetic acid, as well as 5M urea. Factor ХШ is composed of 2 catalytic A subunit bounds and 2 B subunits as carriers (A2B2). The gene of A chain is located on chromosome 6. Factor ХШ deficiency is rare with a prevalence of only 1 in 2 million in the general population. The overwhelming majority of cases are due to mutations in subunit A. The aim of this study was to detect the mutations of subunit A.

  Materials & m ethods: In this study we investigated the molecular basis of inherited factor ХШ deficiency among 10 unrelated patients from Sistan and Balouchestan province in 2006. Mutations were detected by amplifying each exon. Those exons exhibiting the presence of heteroduplex by conformation sensitive gel electrophoresis (CSGE) were selected for direct sequencing. Sequencing of mutations was carried out by restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP).

  Results : All patients had homologous subsitiation of TGG to CGG in exon 4 which led to change of arginine to tryptophan.

  Conclusion : The mutation found in this study was in the core domain of enzyme. It seems that the changs in electric charge and affinity of enzyme to substrate‚as a result decreases the level of factor XIII-A activity.

Keywords

Factor ХШ Factor XIII-A deficiency Coagulation system Zahedan

© 2010, Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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